Collection ID: 0002 | Metadata type: TEI
Ms. Codex 1186 Le tison d'Espagne ou origines de la plus grande partie des familles nobles de ce royaume et du Portugal
TitleLe tison d'Espagne ou origines de la plus grande partie des familles nobles de ce royaume et du Portugal
- Mendoza, Francisco de, d. 1566
Other related names
- Philip II, King of Spain, 1527-1598, recipient
- Stuart de Rothesay, Charles Stuart, Baron, 1779-1845, former owner
- Lea, Henry Charles, 1825-1909, former owner
Call numberMs. Codex 1186
(Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania, Rare Book & Manuscript Library)
- bibid: 4314359
PublisherThe University of Pennsylvania Libraries
- after 1742
A French translation of the Spanish work El tizón de la nobleza española, o, Máculas y sambenitos de sus linajes composed in the mid-16th century. This manuscript is a genealogical investigation into the origins of the most prominent aristocratic families of Spain and Portugal, presented by the author to king Philip II. This is a controversial treatise because, in seeking to defend the purity of the lineage of his own nephew (maquis of Cañette), Mendoza traces the origins of the Iberian aristocracy to Jewish and Moorish ancestors. The author begins by citing the case of Ferdinand (Fernando) Alonso de Toledo, who converted from Islam to Christianity during the reign of Alonso VI and was the ancestor of several noble families. Similarly, a Jewish conversion Ruy Capon is designated as the founding ancestor of several noble families in Portugal and in Castile. There is an addendum to the original work, tracing the ancestors and the descendants of Paul of Burgos. He was a wealthy and prominent Jew who converted to Christianity and became an archbishop and Lord Chancellor under Castilian king Henry III. Although the work circulated widely in mansucript form, it was not printed until 1849.
- Ms. codex.
- Title from title page (p. i); author from text (p. 1).
- Incipit: Mémoire presenté au roy Phillipe II de ce nom par le Cardinal Archevèque de Burgos Don François de Mendoza Bobadilla a l'occasion de ce que sa majesté ne voulu pas lui d'accorder...(p. 1); Explicit:...il se maria avec Dona Anna Maria tenuë pour fille changée quoique legitimée par le roy Don Alphonse XIe dela quelle il est l'eveque et patriarche Don Paul, qui a reconnü l'origine de sa famille en France (p. 72-73).
Watermarka variety of watermarks; several dated 1742 (p. 47-52); several with fin de on top line and identifying paper maker as M. [fleur de lys] Iohannot on the next line (p. 65-70); one indicates the province of paper maker as Auvergne (p. 73-); one with coat of arms (p. 71-72); several with half of coat of arms.
Extent42 leaves : 227 x 160 (200 x 110) mm. bound to 230 x 170 mm
FoliationPaper, iii (contemporary paper) + 38 + iii (contemporary paper); [ii], 1-73, ; contemporary pagination in ink, upper outer corners.
BindingContemporary calf, rebacked (Zacour-Hirsch); coat of arms stamped on both covers.
- Formerly owned by Lord Stuart de Rothesay (Zacour-Hirsch).
- Formerly owned by Henry Charles Lea, 1889 (bookplate, inside upper cover; signature and date, flyleaf 3).
- Kings and rulers--Genealogy
- Jews--Spain--Early works to 1800
- Manuscripts, French--18th century
- Manuscripts, European
- These images and the content of Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Ms. Codex 1186: Le tison d'Espagne ou origines de la plus grande partie des familles nobles de ce royaume et du Portugal are free of known copyright restrictions and in the public domain. See the Creative Commons Public Domain Mark page for usage details, http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/mark/1.0/.
- Inside front cover — Bookplate, Inside front cover
Inside front cover
5192_0001.tif (81.5 MB)
5192_0001_thumb.jpg (7.5 KB)
5192_0001_web.jpg (453.9 KB)
Decoration: Bookplate, Inside front cover