Collection ID: 0002 | Metadata type: TEI
Ms. Codex 1457 Biography of Cosimo de' Medici ... etc.
TitleBiography of Cosimo de' Medici ... etc.
- Strozzi, Piero Strozzi, Piero
Other related names
- North, Frederick, Earl of Guilford, 1766-1827, former owner
- Phillipps, Thomas, Sir, 1792-1872, former owner
Call numberMs. Codex 1457
(Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania, Rare Book & Manuscript Library)
- bibid: 4475425
PublisherThe University of Pennsylvania Libraries
- between 1600 and 1650
Manuscript containing biographies of Cosimo I, grand-duke of Tuscany, and Giuliano de' Medici, younger brother of Lorenzo il Magnifico, as well as copies of miscellaneous documents related to the war between Florence and Siena, and a copy of the will of Cosimo. The biography of Giuliano covers his life from his birth in 1453 to the Pazzi conspiracy in which he was killed in 1478. The conspiracy, instigated by the Salviati, Papal banking family in Florence and rivals of the Medici, and by the pope Sixtus IV (who had strong interests in Florence that were threatened by the Medici supremacy), with the help of Jacopo and Francesco de' Pazzi, also rivals of the Medici, is described in great detail. The biography of Cosimo I de' Medici also starts at his birth, in 1519, and contains a meticulous description of his childhood, his affectionate relationship with his mother, Maria Sforza, and the death of his father, Giovanni delle Bande Nere, in 1526. Alessandro de' Medici succeeded Giovanni, but was killed in 1537, and Cosimo became the ruler of Florence. In the same year the Strozzi and the Salviati, rivals of the Medici, assembled an army, which included numerous other Florentine exiles; marched against Florence; and were defeated. Although there are mentions of some of the most relevant moments of Cosimo's public life, including the recognition of the Florentine state by the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V in return for Florence's help to France, a large part of the manuscript deals with the private life of the grand-duke and his relationship with his two wives and various mistresses. Many passages possess a very casual tone and often purport to be in the first person (in certain cases free direct speech is also used). The biographical narration is interrupted before the death of Cosimo by the insertion of copies of letters by various Florentine noblemen, the most important being Piero Strozzi, Cosimo's enemy in the wars against Siena and an ally of the pope. Copies of other documents related to the same wars are also present, including an agreement between Philip II of Spain and Cosimo, in which the Spanish king ceded Siena to Florence. A brief description of the death of Cosimo and a copy of his will appear at the end of the manuscript. According to the will, Cosimo's only heirs are his children.
- Ms. codex.
- Title supplied by cataloger, based on title of predominant work.
WatermarkUnidentified watermark containing a sun and the initial C R(?); unidentified watermark containing a coat of arms with a large crown on top and the letter X underneath.
Extent131 leaves : 305 x 205 mm. bound to 313 x 208 mm
FoliationPaper, i (paper) + 131 + i (paper); [1-131], modern foliation in pencil, upper right recto.
- Formerly in the collection of Frederick North, Earl of Guilford, 395/4, old no. LXIII (inscription, f.1).
- Formerly in the collection of Sir Thomas Phillipps, ms. 7656 (Zacour-Hirsch).
- Pazzi Conspiracy, 1478
- Manuscripts, Italian--17th century
- Manuscripts, European
Table of contents
2350_0004.tif (63.4 MB)
2350_0004_thumb.jpg (5.1 KB)
2350_0004_web.jpg (262.3 KB)
Section: [Biography of Giuliano de' Medici]
Fol. 13r [13v-15r blank, not shot
2350_0028.tif (63.4 MB)
2350_0028_thumb.jpg (2.3 KB)
2350_0028_web.jpg (138.3 KB)
2350_0032.tif (63.4 MB)
2350_0032_thumb.jpg (5.4 KB)
2350_0032_web.jpg (263.4 KB)
Section: [Biography of Cosimo I de' Medici, including miscellaneous documents related to the war between Siena and Florence]
2350_0255.tif (63.4 MB)
2350_0255_thumb.jpg (5.4 KB)
2350_0255_web.jpg (254.5 KB)
Section: [Will of Cosimo I]