Collection ID: 0002 | Metadata type: TEI

Ms. Codex 1502 Scartafaccio di Filippo e Piero Mannelli e compagni di Pisa, fiera di Giugno 1602


Scartafaccio di Filippo e Piero Mannelli e compagni di Pisa, fiera di Giugno 1602


Call number

Ms. Codex 1502
(Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania, Rare Book & Manuscript Library)

Alternate identifiers


The University of Pennsylvania Libraries




Written in Pisa in 1602 (f. 1v).


Ledger of accounts of Filippo and Piero Mannelli for the "fair" of 1602 that was held in Pisa, northern Italy, probably written by Clemente Guardini (signature, f. 1r). It contains short descriptions of the transactions, which were probably made using bills of exchange, their amounts and, in certain cases, the name of the counterpart involved (including members of some of the most important Florentine families, such as the Amadori and the Capponi). A bill of exchange is a written order by one person to his bank to pay the bearer a specific sum on a specific date. Prior to the advent of paper currency, bills of exchange were a common means of exchange. Filippo and Piero Mannelli appear to be involved in such transactions both as drawers and as drawees. A fair, a usually quarterly event in northern Italy, was one of the largest markets for complex bills of exchange. In these fairs there was no physical delivery of the traded asset, but they attracted large volumes of investors nonetheless. In the event of a fair, like the one in Pisa in 1602 mentioned in the title of the manuscript, businessmen and bankers such as Filippo and Piero Mannelli traded different currencies or commodities and these transactions usually happened via bills of exchange. Some merchants purchased considerable numbers of bills of exchange from various counterparts (such as Filippo and Piero Mannelli) to hedge the risk of the transactions, and made money betting on the difference of prices of the same asset which occurred on different markets because the same asset (in this case currencies and commodities such as gold and silver) does not trade at the same price in all markets.



Unidentified watermark, very faint, containing a circle.


13 leaves : 332 x 230 mm. bound to 335 x 233 mm


Paper, i (paper) + 13 + i (paper); versos numbered 1-13, contemporary pagination in ink, upper left verso; rectos numbered [i], 1-12, contemporary pagination in ink, modern pagination in pencil, upper right recto. Each opening has matched numerals on both sides.




Contemporary vellum; heading Scartafaccio di Filippo e Piero Mannelli e compagni di Pisa, fiera di Giugno 1602, and signet M on upper cover; lower cover wraps around upper cover with remnants of leather ties.


  • Written in 2 columns with vertical bounding lines in lead; the large column on the left with the description of the transaction, and the smaller one on the right with its amount. Itemized accounts of single transactions or long lines are also used.
  • Script

  • Written in a cursive script, probably in the hand of Clemente Guardini (signature, f. 1r).
  • Provenance

    Subjects topical




    Front cover
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    fol. 1r
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    fol. 1v
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    fol. 1 [=2r
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    fol. 2v
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    Flyleaf 1 verso
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    Inside back cover
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    Back cover
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