Collection ID: 0018 | Metadata type: TEI

PU-Mu. 1080, Box 2, Item 1 Catalogue of the Stone and Terra Cotta Implements and Ornaments of the North American Mound Builders

Title

Catalogue of the Stone and Terra Cotta Implements and Ornaments of the North American Mound Builders

Authors

Call number

PU-Mu. 1080, Box 2, Item 1
(Philadelphia, Penn Museum Archives)

Publisher

Penn Museum Archives

Language

Primary language: English.

Origin

Date
From 1838 to 1848
Place
Mississippi River Valley

Summary

Montroville Wilson Dickeson was born in 1810 in Philadelphia and moved to Woodbury, New Jersey at an early age where he was educated. He evinced a passionate interest in the natural sciences and collecting from a young age and described several unique specimens from the crustaceous marl beds of New Jersey while still a student. In 1828, Dickeson entered into the study of medicine with Dr. Joseph Parrish of Philadelphia. Even while studying medicine, Dickeson wrote monographs on green sand fossils that brought him to the attention of some prominent Philadelphia scientists including Samuel J. Morton and a Dr. Wilson. Dr. Dickeson accepted a medical residency at the Philadelphia Dispensary, but his passion for archaeology interrupted the residency. He traveled to the Ohio Valley and areas of the Mississippi River to search for Indian burial mounds and Indian relics and antiquaries. From 1837 to 1844, Dickeson investigated the construction of the mounds and pioneered techniques that remained popular into the twentieth century, like the use of trenches, and knowledge of the importance of strata and cross sections for interpreting sites. His skill was recognized by later American archaeologists W.H. Dall, Max Uhle, and Alfred Kidder. In the midst of the cultural controversy over the origin of the Mound Builders, Dickeson remained focused on the archaeological questions about the arrival of the first people in the New World and the origins of the enormous prehistoric earthworks found along the Ohio and Mississippi Rivers. Following the 11 year expedition, Dickeson returned to Philadelphia to the family home at 211 Lombard Street. Here, on the upper floor, many of the objects that returned with him were stored. He was elected to the Academy of Natural Sciences in 1846. Dickeson resumed his medical practice from the Lombard Street site and distinguished himself during the cholera epidemics in 1848 and 1850 by establishing the Southwark Cholera Hospital with Dr. Francis Condy. Dickeson, ever mindful of exhibition possibilities, purchased a portion of the Peale Collection in 1850. In addition to his archaeological expeditions and his medical profession, Dickeson demonstrated a streak of showmanship and possibly exaggeration in the years following his return home. He conducted public lectures by subscription under the auspices of the Jefferson Institute of Philadelphia in addition to writing for the literary magazine The Lotus. His lectures were accompanied by exhibits of the "Dickeson's American Antiquities" collection. Dickeson also commissioned a huge panorama of the Mississippi Valley expedition which was executed by John J. Egan, an itinerant Irish artist. Egan used the drawings and renderings of Dickeson as his source material. Panoramas were a popular type of entertainment in the mid-nineteenth century. A precursor to the moving picture, the canvas was unrolled a bit at a time to reveal the painted scenes and give the impression of traveling along a landscape. Egan's panorama was about nine feet high by 400 feet long and consisted of 27 scenes. The panorama was displayed at the short-lived City Museum, established by Dickeson, and at the Swain Building in central Philadelphia. It was unveiled at Memorial Hall for The Centennial Exhibition in 1876, remaining on display from that time until 1885. The Dickeson panorama, the only surviving piece from this era, is now displayed at the City Art Museum of St. Louis, Missouri. Dickeson died in 1882, after a short illness. Future generations have speculated on why Dickeson's work was so little known despite his obvious contributions. His relative obscurity may be related to a lack of published work. Dickeson failed to write a long monograph on his major expedition for a scientific journal, choosing to write for local publications in serialized form. Dickeson published only two works, The American Numismatic Manual and a treatise on the Cypresses of Mississippi and Louisiana. This volume, "Stone and Terra Cotta Implements and Ornaments of North American Mound Builders, 1838-1848" is written in Dickeson's hand. Dickeson follows a similar format in presenting each site; a drawing, place name, a few lines of poetry or prose, journal entries about the journey, physical appearance and strata of the site, followed by a list of the artifacts discovered. The sites visited in this group include: Beluxies, June 1842; Fort Rosalie; Benard Mounds (Natchez, Mississippi), August 1842; Quitman's Mounds (Adams County, Mississippi), July 1843; Ferguson's Mounds (Jefferson County, Mississippi), 1846, Feriday Mounds (Concordia Parish, Louisisana), 1843; and the Plantation of Colonel A. L. Bingaman, (Natchez), 1842. Dickeson includes background writings with the catalogue; "The Bones of the Mastodon Gigantum" (page 153), "Gems of the North American Aborigine" (page 37), "The Massacre at White Apple Village" (page 56), and the "Geology of the Mound Builders" (page 99). This volume includes drawings for a few objects and some museum numbers.

Subjects names

Subjects topical

Subjects geographic

Genres

Licenses

Table of contents

Decorations

Images


Front cover
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Inside front cover
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Flyleaf 1 recto
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Flyleaf 1 verso
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Flyleaf 2 recto
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Flyleaf 2 verso
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Flyleaf 3 recto
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1
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Section: Catalogue of the Stone and Terra Cotta Implements and Ornaments of the North American Mound Builders, collected by Professor M. W. Dickeson M.D. from 1838 to 1848 during his ten years investigations of the Southern Mound Builders relics, in which time upward of one thousand Tumuli of that long lost and unhistoried people were opened.

2
2524_0009.tif (159.1 MB)
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Section: Ancient Burial Place of the Beluxies, opened June 1842
Decoration: Ancient Burial Place of the Beluxies

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10
2524_0017.tif (159.1 MB)
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Section: Old Fort Rosalie
Decoration: Fort Rosalie

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2524_0018.tif (159.1 MB)
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2524_0023.tif (159.1 MB)
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Section: Benard Mounds (Natchez, Mississippi), opened August 1842
Decoration: Benard Mounds

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2524_0024.tif (159.1 MB)
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2524_0025.tif (159.1 MB)
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2524_0029.tif (159.1 MB)
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Decoration: Skull at Benard Mounds

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2524_0032.tif (159.1 MB)
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2524_0033.tif (159.1 MB)
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Section: Quitman's Mounds (Adams County, Mississippi), opened July 1843
Decoration: Quitman's Mounds

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2524_0034.tif (159.1 MB)
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Decoration: Fig. 1, cross section of stratification of Quitman's Mounds

31
2524_0038.tif (159.1 MB)
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2524_0047.tif (159.1 MB)
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Section: Ferguson's Mounds (Jefferson County, Mississippi), 1846
Decoration: Ferguson's Mounds

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2524_0061.tif (159.1 MB)
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56
2524_0063.tif (159.1 MB)
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Section: White Apple Village
Decoration: Fort Rosalie, August 1842

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2524_0064.tif (159.1 MB)
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2524_0081.tif (159.1 MB)
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76
2524_0083.tif (159.1 MB)
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Section: Feriday Mounds (Concordia Parish, Louisiana), 1843
Decoration: Ferriday Mounds

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2524_0084.tif (159.1 MB)
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2524_0085.tif (159.1 MB)
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2524_0091.tif (159.1 MB)
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Decoration: Fig. 1, cross section of stratification at Feriday Mounds

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Decoration: Fig. 3, skull at Feriday Mounds

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Decoration: Fig. 4, a sitting skeleton at Feriday Mounds

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Decoration: Fig. 5, [tool] at Feriday Mounds

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Section: Burial Ground of the Natchez (Lewis' Mounds), July 1843

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100
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2524_0113.tif (159.1 MB)
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Decoration: Fig. 1, vase and basin at Lewis' Mounds
Decoration: Fig. 3, a saucer with a handle and a basin at Lewis' Mounds

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Decoration: Fig. 5, skull at Lewis' Mounds

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Decoration: Fig. 6, pottery bottle at Lewis' Mounds

113
2524_0120.tif (159.1 MB)
2524_0120_thumb.jpg (3.9 KB)
2524_0120_web.jpg (235.5 KB)

114
2524_0121.tif (159.1 MB)
2524_0121_thumb.jpg (4.3 KB)
2524_0121_web.jpg (269.6 KB)

115
2524_0122.tif (159.1 MB)
2524_0122_thumb.jpg (3.7 KB)
2524_0122_web.jpg (235.9 KB)

116
2524_0123.tif (159.1 MB)
2524_0123_thumb.jpg (3.6 KB)
2524_0123_web.jpg (210.3 KB)

117
2524_0124.tif (159.1 MB)
2524_0124_thumb.jpg (3.6 KB)
2524_0124_web.jpg (227.6 KB)

118
2524_0125.tif (159.1 MB)
2524_0125_thumb.jpg (4.1 KB)
2524_0125_web.jpg (251.1 KB)
Section: Opening of Mounds on the Plantation of Col. A.L. Bingaman, July 1842

119
2524_0126.tif (159.1 MB)
2524_0126_thumb.jpg (3.7 KB)
2524_0126_web.jpg (228.5 KB)

120
2524_0127.tif (159.1 MB)
2524_0127_thumb.jpg (4.3 KB)
2524_0127_web.jpg (266.3 KB)

121
2524_0128.tif (159.1 MB)
2524_0128_thumb.jpg (3.7 KB)
2524_0128_web.jpg (227.2 KB)

122
2524_0129.tif (159.1 MB)
2524_0129_thumb.jpg (4.2 KB)
2524_0129_web.jpg (259.5 KB)

123
2524_0130.tif (159.1 MB)
2524_0130_thumb.jpg (3.6 KB)
2524_0130_web.jpg (227.2 KB)

124
2524_0131.tif (159.1 MB)
2524_0131_thumb.jpg (4.2 KB)
2524_0131_web.jpg (264.2 KB)

125
2524_0132.tif (159.1 MB)
2524_0132_thumb.jpg (3.8 KB)
2524_0132_web.jpg (235.5 KB)

126
2524_0133.tif (159.1 MB)
2524_0133_thumb.jpg (4.1 KB)
2524_0133_web.jpg (262.0 KB)

127
2524_0134.tif (159.1 MB)
2524_0134_thumb.jpg (3.8 KB)
2524_0134_web.jpg (235.7 KB)

128
2524_0135.tif (159.1 MB)
2524_0135_thumb.jpg (4.0 KB)
2524_0135_web.jpg (241.5 KB)
Decoration: Fig. 1, vase at Bingaman's Mounds

129
2524_0136.tif (159.1 MB)
2524_0136_thumb.jpg (3.7 KB)
2524_0136_web.jpg (230.8 KB)

130
2524_0137.tif (159.1 MB)
2524_0137_thumb.jpg (3.9 KB)
2524_0137_web.jpg (229.2 KB)
Decoration: Fig. 2, bottle at Bingaman's Mounds
Decoration: Fig. 3, skeleton at Bingaman's Mounds

131
2524_0138.tif (159.1 MB)
2524_0138_thumb.jpg (3.7 KB)
2524_0138_web.jpg (238.6 KB)

132
2524_0139.tif (159.1 MB)
2524_0139_thumb.jpg (3.9 KB)
2524_0139_web.jpg (223.0 KB)
Decoration: Fig. 4, polished jasper pebble at Bingaman's Mounds
Decoration: Fig. 5, pipe at Bingaman's Mounds

133
2524_0140.tif (159.1 MB)
2524_0140_thumb.jpg (3.9 KB)
2524_0140_web.jpg (237.5 KB)

134
2524_0141.tif (159.1 MB)
2524_0141_thumb.jpg (4.0 KB)
2524_0141_web.jpg (240.5 KB)
Decoration: Fig. 6, flat-head Natchez Indian

135
2524_0142.tif (159.1 MB)
2524_0142_thumb.jpg (4.0 KB)
2524_0142_web.jpg (252.9 KB)

136
2524_0143.tif (159.1 MB)
2524_0143_thumb.jpg (4.2 KB)
2524_0143_web.jpg (259.5 KB)

137
2524_0144.tif (159.1 MB)
2524_0144_thumb.jpg (3.9 KB)
2524_0144_web.jpg (263.7 KB)

138
2524_0145.tif (159.1 MB)
2524_0145_thumb.jpg (4.2 KB)
2524_0145_web.jpg (271.9 KB)

139
2524_0146.tif (159.1 MB)
2524_0146_thumb.jpg (4.1 KB)
2524_0146_web.jpg (264.5 KB)

140
2524_0147.tif (159.1 MB)
2524_0147_thumb.jpg (2.9 KB)
2524_0147_web.jpg (161.5 KB)

141
2524_0148.tif (159.1 MB)
2524_0148_thumb.jpg (4.1 KB)
2524_0148_web.jpg (249.8 KB)

142
2524_0149.tif (159.1 MB)
2524_0149_thumb.jpg (2.9 KB)
2524_0149_web.jpg (166.0 KB)

143
2524_0150.tif (159.1 MB)
2524_0150_thumb.jpg (4.1 KB)
2524_0150_web.jpg (250.2 KB)

144
2524_0151.tif (159.1 MB)
2524_0151_thumb.jpg (2.8 KB)
2524_0151_web.jpg (157.7 KB)

145
2524_0152.tif (159.1 MB)
2524_0152_thumb.jpg (4.0 KB)
2524_0152_web.jpg (232.8 KB)

146
2524_0153.tif (159.1 MB)
2524_0153_thumb.jpg (2.9 KB)
2524_0153_web.jpg (157.9 KB)

147
2524_0154.tif (159.1 MB)
2524_0154_thumb.jpg (3.6 KB)
2524_0154_web.jpg (203.1 KB)

148
2524_0155.tif (159.1 MB)
2524_0155_thumb.jpg (2.9 KB)
2524_0155_web.jpg (156.5 KB)

149
2524_0156.tif (159.1 MB)
2524_0156_thumb.jpg (3.9 KB)
2524_0156_web.jpg (217.5 KB)

150
2524_0157.tif (159.1 MB)
2524_0157_thumb.jpg (2.9 KB)
2524_0157_web.jpg (158.6 KB)

151
2524_0158.tif (159.1 MB)
2524_0158_thumb.jpg (3.8 KB)
2524_0158_web.jpg (221.5 KB)

152
2524_0159.tif (159.1 MB)
2524_0159_thumb.jpg (2.7 KB)
2524_0159_web.jpg (151.4 KB)

153
2524_0160.tif (159.1 MB)
2524_0160_thumb.jpg (3.7 KB)
2524_0160_web.jpg (230.7 KB)

154
2524_0161.tif (159.1 MB)
2524_0161_thumb.jpg (2.9 KB)
2524_0161_web.jpg (156.7 KB)

155
2524_0162.tif (159.1 MB)
2524_0162_thumb.jpg (3.9 KB)
2524_0162_web.jpg (241.4 KB)

156
2524_0163.tif (159.1 MB)
2524_0163_thumb.jpg (2.9 KB)
2524_0163_web.jpg (154.4 KB)

157
2524_0164.tif (159.1 MB)
2524_0164_thumb.jpg (2.7 KB)
2524_0164_web.jpg (148.9 KB)

158
2524_0165.tif (159.1 MB)
2524_0165_thumb.jpg (2.9 KB)
2524_0165_web.jpg (145.6 KB)

159
2524_0166.tif (159.1 MB)
2524_0166_thumb.jpg (2.8 KB)
2524_0166_web.jpg (149.5 KB)

160
2524_0167.tif (159.1 MB)
2524_0167_thumb.jpg (2.7 KB)
2524_0167_web.jpg (146.8 KB)

161
2524_0168.tif (159.1 MB)
2524_0168_thumb.jpg (2.8 KB)
2524_0168_web.jpg (149.7 KB)

162
2524_0169.tif (159.1 MB)
2524_0169_thumb.jpg (2.8 KB)
2524_0169_web.jpg (145.9 KB)

163
2524_0170.tif (159.1 MB)
2524_0170_thumb.jpg (2.7 KB)
2524_0170_web.jpg (153.6 KB)

164
2524_0171.tif (159.1 MB)
2524_0171_thumb.jpg (3.0 KB)
2524_0171_web.jpg (175.5 KB)

Flyleaf 1 recto
2524_0172.tif (159.1 MB)
2524_0172_thumb.jpg (2.7 KB)
2524_0172_web.jpg (151.2 KB)

Flyleaf 1 verso
2524_0173.tif (159.1 MB)
2524_0173_thumb.jpg (2.5 KB)
2524_0173_web.jpg (146.8 KB)

Flyleaf 2 recto
2524_0174.tif (159.1 MB)
2524_0174_thumb.jpg (2.7 KB)
2524_0174_web.jpg (163.4 KB)

Flyleaf 2 verso
2524_0175.tif (159.1 MB)
2524_0175_thumb.jpg (4.8 KB)
2524_0175_web.jpg (474.1 KB)

Inside back cover
2524_0176.tif (159.1 MB)
2524_0176_thumb.jpg (4.7 KB)
2524_0176_web.jpg (475.8 KB)

Back cover
2524_0177.tif (159.1 MB)
2524_0177_thumb.jpg (2.4 KB)
2524_0177_web.jpg (408.1 KB)

Spine
2524_0178.tif (11.0 MB)
2524_0178_thumb.jpg (1.4 KB)
2524_0178_web.jpg (59.8 KB)