Collection ID: 0023 | Metadata type: TEI

Lewis E 201 Chronicle of the History of the World from Creation to Woden, with a Genealogy of Edward IV

Title

Chronicle of the History of the World from Creation to Woden, with a Genealogy of Edward IV

Other related names

Funders

Call number

Lewis E 201
(Philadelphia, United States, Free Library of Philadelphia, John Frederick Lewis Collection of European Manuscripts)

Alternate identifiers

Publisher

Free Library of Philadelphia

Language

Latin

Origin

Late 15th century
Place
England

Summary

This late-fifteenth-century genealogical roll was most likely made for Edward IV during his reign and is largely based on the twelfth century account of Geoffrey of Monmouth. It was commissioned to celebrate King Edward IV's succession to the throne of England after he deposed Henry VI. This illuminated chronicle features Edward IV's genealogy beginning with God from the time of the Fall through the Flood, as depicted in three large roundels. It details his relation to the other historical rulers of Britain and Europe, such as Rollo and Alfred, as well as fictional kings like Arthur. The Incipit comes from John 1:1, "In Principio Erat Verbum Et Verbum Erat Apud Deum...", and features a large miniature of Edward IV as a knight on horseback. The roll contains heraldic flags, white roses, or roses en soleil, symbolizing the House of York, and other regal imagery related to Edward IV, such as suns, crowns, and his motto, "confort et lyesse," throughout in order to link the new king to the other royal and aristocratic families of Britain and continental Europe, thereby legitimizing his claim to the throne. The lines of descent are painted in blue, red, gold, and green and culminate at the end of the roll, framing a large square with Edward's name and a prayer for him and his kingship.

Extent

4778 x 460 mm

Support

Parchment

Layout

  • Eleven membranes; 4778 x 460 mm; irregular column structure, vertical ink ruling; one unframed miniature, three large roundels, ten small roundels, one frieze of half-figures, one rota diagram, fifty-four heraldic devices, one tau map, calligraphic initials throughout, colored lines of descent
  • Script

  • Anglicana
  • Provenance

    Keywords

    Licenses

    Table of contents

    Decorations

    Images


    Section 1
    9184_0000.tif (206.2 MB)
    9184_0000_thumb.jpg (7.1 KB)
    9184_0000_web.jpg (409.5 KB)
    Section: Chronicle of the History of the World
    Decoration: Knight on horse with illuminated blanket featuring coats of arms of Castille and Léon
    Decoration: Coat of arms with crown
    Decoration: Coat of arms with crown
    Decoration: Roundel featuring Christ and circular text
    Decoration: Roundel with circular text featuring The Fall
    Decoration: Saint George's flag
    Decoration: Red flag with gold crowns
    Decoration: Roses-en-soleil of the House of York along borders
    Decoration: Banderloles with text and manicules

    Section 2
    9184_0001.tif (210.9 MB)
    9184_0001_thumb.jpg (7.3 KB)
    9184_0001_web.jpg (476.6 KB)
    Decoration: Roundel with circular text featuring The Fall
    Decoration: Saint George's flag
    Decoration: Red flag with gold crowns
    Decoration: Roses-en-soleil of the House of York along borders
    Decoration: Heraldic flags along borders
    Decoration: Roundel with circular text featuring Noah's Ark
    Decoration: Geneological roundels featuring the progenitors and sons of Noah

    Section 3
    9184_0002.tif (210.9 MB)
    9184_0002_thumb.jpg (7.0 KB)
    9184_0002_web.jpg (507.7 KB)
    Decoration: Roses-en-soleil of the House of York along borders
    Decoration: Flags with coats of arms along borders
    Decoration: Suns, Roses-en-soleil of the House of York, and fold fixtures surrounding genealogical map sections

    Section 4
    9184_0003.tif (210.9 MB)
    9184_0003_thumb.jpg (7.6 KB)
    9184_0003_web.jpg (474.0 KB)
    Decoration: Roses-en-soleil of the House of York along borders
    Decoration: Flags with coats of arms along borders
    Decoration: Suns, Roses-en-soleil of the House of York, and fold fixtures surrounding genealogical map sections
    Decoration: Frieze featuring the Kings of England, France, Castille, Edward IV, the Dukes of Cornwall, Normandy and Aquitane, with banderoles above their heads
    Decoration: Roundel featuring the known world with a sun in center surrounded by other suns and Roses-en-soleil of the House of York

    Section 5
    9184_0004.tif (210.9 MB)
    9184_0004_thumb.jpg (7.8 KB)
    9184_0004_web.jpg (426.4 KB)
    Decoration: Heraldic flags along borders
    Decoration: Suns, Roses-en-soleil of the House of York, and fold fixtures surrounding genealogical map sections
    Decoration: Bulls, lambs, and stags supporting red and gold polls

    Section 6
    9184_0005.tif (210.9 MB)
    9184_0005_thumb.jpg (7.7 KB)
    9184_0005_web.jpg (426.4 KB)
    Decoration: Heraldic flags along borders
    Decoration: Suns, Roses-en-soleil of the House of York, and fold fixtures surrounding genealogical map sections
    Decoration: Bulls, lambs, and stags supporting red and gold polls

    Section 7
    9184_0006.tif (204.8 MB)
    9184_0006_thumb.jpg (7.6 KB)
    9184_0006_web.jpg (420.2 KB)
    Decoration: Heraldic flags along borders
    Decoration: Bulls, lambs, and stags supporting red and gold polls
    Decoration: Suns, Roses-en-soleil of the House of York, and fold fixtures surrounding genealogical map sections
    Decoration: Feathers, suns, and Roses-en-soleil of the House of York surrounding King Edward IV's genealogical square

    Complete roll
    9184_0007.tif (1.4 GB)
    9184_0007_thumb.jpg (2.1 KB)
    9184_0007_web.jpg (94.7 KB)