Collection ID: 0032 | Metadata type: TEI

MS Or 278 al-Abjad. / [الأبجد]

Title

al-Abjad. / [الأبجد]

Other related names

Call number

MS Or 278
(New York, NY. 10027, Columbia University., Rare Book and Manuscript Library)

Alternate identifiers

Publisher

Columbia University.

Language

Arabic with one line in Ottoman Turkish

Origin

Item is dated 1261 AH and was copied by ʻAlī al-ʻAlawī, a student of al-Ḥājj Muṣṭafá, Khawājah-yi Mashq-i Sarāy-i Humāyūn (f. 18r).
Date
1845
Place
Turkey?

Summary

Book illustrating how to write the Arabic alphabet. The majority of the leaves contain grids showing letters in their isolated and connected forms (f. 1v-16r). The final leaves contain short, model sentences (f. 16v-18r).

Notes

Extent

18 leaves : 222 x 160 (128 x 100) mm, bound to 222 x 160 mm

Support

Paper

Binding

Reddish leather over pasteboard with flap. Covers have large, light green central rectangle with designs in white paint visible in it framed by bands of blue and gold which have been painted over repeating geometric patterns. Pastedowns of paper with depictions of large gold birds and fruit. Flyleaves of light purple paper with gold horizontal lines and small, repeated depictions of fruit.

Layout

  • Chiefly grids of 5x6 with one or two letters in each box, border ruled, otherwise 7 long lines, border ruled.
  • Decoration

    Illuminated headpieces on the first page opening, along with a floriate frame in gold, red, green, blue (f. 1v-2r). Tables of letter examples, 5 x 6 with all borders ruled in gold (f. 1v-16r). Writing sample pages border ruled in wide gold, titles surrounded by gold, red, green foliate fill. Margins of page-opening have foliate fill in gold and blue with a narrow gold frame rule (f. 16v-18r).

    Script

  • Written in naskh in black ink; pointed, vocalized
  • Provenance

    Subjects topical

    Genres

    Licenses

    Table of contents

    Decorations

    Images


    Front Cover
    6953_0000.tif (79.5 MB)
    6953_0000_thumb.jpg (4.5 KB)
    6953_0000_web.jpg (418.0 KB)

    Inside Front Cover
    6953_0001.tif (66.4 MB)
    6953_0001_thumb.jpg (7.3 KB)
    6953_0001_web.jpg (382.2 KB)

    Flap
    6953_0002.tif (70.7 MB)
    6953_0002_thumb.jpg (5.2 KB)
    6953_0002_web.jpg (388.2 KB)

    Flyleaf 1 recto
    6953_0003.tif (70.1 MB)
    6953_0003_thumb.jpg (5.5 KB)
    6953_0003_web.jpg (369.7 KB)

    Flyleaf 1 verso
    6953_0004.tif (72.1 MB)
    6953_0004_thumb.jpg (4.0 KB)
    6953_0004_web.jpg (254.5 KB)

    fol. 1r
    6953_0005.tif (76.6 MB)
    6953_0005_thumb.jpg (3.7 KB)
    6953_0005_web.jpg (262.3 KB)

    fol. 1v
    6953_0006.tif (73.2 MB)
    6953_0006_thumb.jpg (6.3 KB)
    6953_0006_web.jpg (402.9 KB)
    Section: [al-Abjad].
    Decoration: Illuminated headpiece
    Decoration: Foliate frame
    Decoration: Letter grid: 5x6, independent forms

    fol. 2r
    6953_0007.tif (76.2 MB)
    6953_0007_thumb.jpg (6.2 KB)
    6953_0007_web.jpg (402.3 KB)
    Decoration: Illuminated headpiece
    Decoration: Foliate frame
    Decoration: Letter grid: 5x6, independent forms with vowels

    fol. 2v
    6953_0008.tif (73.6 MB)
    6953_0008_thumb.jpg (5.0 KB)
    6953_0008_web.jpg (309.8 KB)
    Decoration: Letter grid: 5x6, independent forms with tanwīn

    fol. 3r
    6953_0009.tif (76.2 MB)
    6953_0009_thumb.jpg (4.8 KB)
    6953_0009_web.jpg (303.8 KB)
    Decoration: Letter grid: 5x6, joined with bāʼ with vowels

    fol. 3v
    6953_0010.tif (75.2 MB)
    6953_0010_thumb.jpg (4.9 KB)
    6953_0010_web.jpg (304.0 KB)
    Decoration: Letter grid: 5x6, joined with tāʼ with vowels

    fol. 4r
    6953_0011.tif (75.4 MB)
    6953_0011_thumb.jpg (4.7 KB)
    6953_0011_web.jpg (291.5 KB)
    Decoration: Letter grid: 5x6, joined with thāʼ with vowels

    fol. 4v
    6953_0012.tif (75.5 MB)
    6953_0012_thumb.jpg (5.0 KB)
    6953_0012_web.jpg (311.6 KB)
    Decoration: Letter grid: 5x6, joined with jīm with vowels

    fol. 5r
    6953_0013.tif (75.4 MB)
    6953_0013_thumb.jpg (4.7 KB)
    6953_0013_web.jpg (300.5 KB)
    Decoration: Letter grid: 5x6, joined with ḥāʾ with vowels

    fol. 5v
    6953_0014.tif (75.5 MB)
    6953_0014_thumb.jpg (5.1 KB)
    6953_0014_web.jpg (304.7 KB)
    Decoration: Letter grid: 5x6, joined with khāʼ with vowels

    fol. 6r
    6953_0015.tif (75.1 MB)
    6953_0015_thumb.jpg (4.6 KB)
    6953_0015_web.jpg (306.3 KB)
    Decoration: Letter grid: 5x6, joined with dāl with vowels, partially scrubbed

    fol. 6v
    6953_0016.tif (75.5 MB)
    6953_0016_thumb.jpg (4.8 KB)
    6953_0016_web.jpg (308.5 KB)
    Decoration: Letter grid: 5x6, joined with dhāl with vowels

    fol. 7r
    6953_0017.tif (75.0 MB)
    6953_0017_thumb.jpg (4.6 KB)
    6953_0017_web.jpg (310.4 KB)
    Decoration: Letter grid: 5x6, joined with rāʼ with vowels

    fol. 7v
    6953_0018.tif (75.5 MB)
    6953_0018_thumb.jpg (4.9 KB)
    6953_0018_web.jpg (298.6 KB)
    Decoration: Letter grid: 5x6, joined with zāʼ with vowels

    fol. 8r
    6953_0019.tif (75.0 MB)
    6953_0019_thumb.jpg (4.7 KB)
    6953_0019_web.jpg (295.8 KB)
    Decoration: Letter grid: 5x6, joined with sīn with vowels

    fol. 8v
    6953_0020.tif (75.7 MB)
    6953_0020_thumb.jpg (4.9 KB)
    6953_0020_web.jpg (311.8 KB)
    Decoration: Letter grid: 5x6, joined with shīn with vowels

    fol. 9r
    6953_0021.tif (74.7 MB)
    6953_0021_thumb.jpg (4.8 KB)
    6953_0021_web.jpg (306.7 KB)
    Decoration: Letter grid: 5x6, joined with ṣād with vowels

    fol. 9v
    6953_0022.tif (75.7 MB)
    6953_0022_thumb.jpg (4.9 KB)
    6953_0022_web.jpg (315.6 KB)
    Decoration: Letter grid: 5x6, joined with ḍād with vowels

    fol. 10r
    6953_0023.tif (74.8 MB)
    6953_0023_thumb.jpg (4.8 KB)
    6953_0023_web.jpg (296.6 KB)
    Decoration: Letter grid: 5x6, joined with ṭāʼ with vowels

    fol. 10v
    6953_0024.tif (75.7 MB)
    6953_0024_thumb.jpg (4.8 KB)
    6953_0024_web.jpg (315.1 KB)
    Decoration: Letter grid: 5x6, joined with ẓāʼ with vowels

    fol. 11r
    6953_0025.tif (74.2 MB)
    6953_0025_thumb.jpg (4.8 KB)
    6953_0025_web.jpg (293.1 KB)
    Decoration: Letter grid: 5x6, joined with ʿayn with vowels

    fol. 11v
    6953_0026.tif (75.9 MB)
    6953_0026_thumb.jpg (5.0 KB)
    6953_0026_web.jpg (311.0 KB)
    Decoration: Letter grid: 5x6, joined with ghayn with vowels

    fol. 12r
    6953_0027.tif (74.6 MB)
    6953_0027_thumb.jpg (4.7 KB)
    6953_0027_web.jpg (290.6 KB)
    Decoration: Letter grid: 5x6, joined with fāʼ with vowels

    fol. 12v
    6953_0028.tif (76.0 MB)
    6953_0028_thumb.jpg (5.0 KB)
    6953_0028_web.jpg (317.9 KB)
    Decoration: Letter grid: 5x6, joined with qāf with vowels

    fol. 13r
    6953_0029.tif (74.4 MB)
    6953_0029_thumb.jpg (4.6 KB)
    6953_0029_web.jpg (302.6 KB)
    Decoration: Letter grid: 5x6, joined with kāf with vowels

    fol. 13v
    6953_0030.tif (76.0 MB)
    6953_0030_thumb.jpg (4.8 KB)
    6953_0030_web.jpg (303.4 KB)
    Decoration: Letter grid: 5x6, joined with lām with vowels

    fol. 14r
    6953_0031.tif (74.4 MB)
    6953_0031_thumb.jpg (4.5 KB)
    6953_0031_web.jpg (279.6 KB)
    Decoration: Letter grid: 5x6, joined with mīm with vowels

    fol. 14v
    6953_0032.tif (76.0 MB)
    6953_0032_thumb.jpg (4.7 KB)
    6953_0032_web.jpg (302.1 KB)
    Decoration: Letter grid: 5x6, joined with nūn with vowels

    fol. 15r
    6953_0033.tif (74.5 MB)
    6953_0033_thumb.jpg (4.5 KB)
    6953_0033_web.jpg (283.0 KB)
    Decoration: Letter grid: 5x6, joined with wāw with vowels

    fol. 15v
    6953_0034.tif (75.6 MB)
    6953_0034_thumb.jpg (4.9 KB)
    6953_0034_web.jpg (298.0 KB)
    Decoration: Letter grid: 5x6, joined with hāʼ with vowels

    fol. 16r
    6953_0035.tif (74.4 MB)
    6953_0035_thumb.jpg (4.8 KB)
    6953_0035_web.jpg (291.3 KB)
    Decoration: Letter grid: 5x6, joined with yāʼ with vowels

    fol. 16v
    6953_0036.tif (75.8 MB)
    6953_0036_thumb.jpg (6.0 KB)
    6953_0036_web.jpg (363.0 KB)
    Decoration: Illuminated example
    Decoration: Foliate frame

    fol. 17r
    6953_0037.tif (74.5 MB)
    6953_0037_thumb.jpg (5.8 KB)
    6953_0037_web.jpg (345.7 KB)
    Decoration: Illuminated example
    Decoration: Foliate frame

    fol. 17v
    6953_0038.tif (75.8 MB)
    6953_0038_thumb.jpg (6.0 KB)
    6953_0038_web.jpg (357.0 KB)
    Decoration: Illuminated example
    Decoration: Foliate frame

    fol. 18r
    6953_0039.tif (74.5 MB)
    6953_0039_thumb.jpg (5.6 KB)
    6953_0039_web.jpg (340.1 KB)
    Decoration: Illuminated example
    Decoration: Foliate frame

    fol. 18v
    6953_0040.tif (75.9 MB)
    6953_0040_thumb.jpg (3.3 KB)
    6953_0040_web.jpg (252.1 KB)

    Flyleaf 1 recto
    6953_0041.tif (71.9 MB)
    6953_0041_thumb.jpg (3.0 KB)
    6953_0041_web.jpg (187.6 KB)

    Flyleaf 1 verso
    6953_0042.tif (73.7 MB)
    6953_0042_thumb.jpg (5.8 KB)
    6953_0042_web.jpg (391.2 KB)

    Flap
    6953_0043.tif (71.6 MB)
    6953_0043_thumb.jpg (6.4 KB)
    6953_0043_web.jpg (396.6 KB)

    Inside back cover
    6953_0044.tif (83.9 MB)
    6953_0044_thumb.jpg (9.9 KB)
    6953_0044_web.jpg (563.8 KB)

    Back cover
    6953_0045.tif (76.8 MB)
    6953_0045_thumb.jpg (4.8 KB)
    6953_0045_web.jpg (424.7 KB)