Collection ID: 0001 | Metadata type: TEI

LJS 429 De philosophia naturali

Title

De philosophia naturali

Other related names

Call number

LJS 429
(Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania, Rare Book & Manuscript Library)

Alternate identifiers

Publisher

The University of Pennsylvania Libraries

Language

Latin

Origin

Written in western Germany, probably Mainz, in the late 15th century.
Date
between 1485 and 1499
Place
Mainz?, Germany

Summary

Illustrated introduction to natural philosophy, supposedly according to the principles of Isidore of Seville, but in fact representing later Aristotelian and Thomist thought and opposing the followers of Duns Scotus, including the 15th-century theologians Nicolas d'Orbelles (referred to in the manuscript as Dorbellus) and Etienne Brulefer (in the manuscript as Brulifer). Includes discussion of the proofs of existence of God; the use of the principle of deduction; the celestial spheres and compass points; and the elements, temperaments, and humors.

Extent

14 leaves : 200 x 138 (135-150 x 90-99) mm

Collation

Paper, 14; 1¹⁴; modern pagination in pencil, [1-9, i, 10-27], upper outer corners.

Layout

Written in 24-29 long lines; vertical bounding lines and very occasional horizontal bounding lines ruled in brown or red ink.

Decoration

9 watercolor illustrations and diagrams, 8 full-page (female figure in aristocratic dress, p. 1; male figure in armor, fold-out, p.9; diagram of the head, fold-out, p. [i]; diagram of celestial spheres, fold-out, p. 10; diagram of head with faculties and senses, fold-out, p. 11; diagrams of elements and temperaments, p. 25; diagram including head of Christ with crown of thorns, p. 26; tree of human nature, p. 27) and 1 half-page (diagram of compass points, p. 15); 2 4-line decorated initials (p. 16, 24) and 3 2-line decorated initials (p. 4, 12, 23) in red; rubrics and significant words, underlining, and line-fillers in red; initials touched with red.

Script

Written in semi-cursive script with some calligraphic broken-letter headings.

Provenance

Subjects topical

Genres

Licenses

Decorations

Images


1
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Decoration: Illustration, Woman in aristocratic dress holding banner, p. 1

2
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3
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4
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Decoration: Decorated initial, Initial D, p. 4

5
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6
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7
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8
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9
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Decoration: Illustration, Man in armor, p. 9

I
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10
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Decoration: Diagram, Celestial spheres, p. 10

11
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Decoration: Diagram, Head with faculties and senses, p. 11

12
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Decoration: Decorated initial, Initial T, p. 12

13
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14
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15
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Decoration: Diagram, Compass points, p. 15

16
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Decoration: Decorated initial, Initial C, p. 16

17
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18
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19
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20
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21
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22
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23
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Decoration: Decorated initial, Initial Q, p. 23

24
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Decoration: Decorated initial, Initial C, p. 24

25
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Decoration: Diagram, Elements and temperaments, p. 25

26
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Decoration: Diagram, Head of Christ, p. 26

27
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Decoration: Diagram, Tree of human nature, p. 27

No spine
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