Collection ID: 0002 | Metadata type: TEI | TEI XML | Data

CAJS Rar Ms 495 Hilkhot sheḥitah bediḳah u-ṭerefot. / הלכות שחיטה [בדיקה וטרפות]

Title

Hilkhot sheḥitah bediḳah u-ṭerefot.
הלכות שחיטה [בדיקה וטרפות]

Authors

Other related names

Call number

CAJS Rar Ms 495
(420 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19106-3703, University of Pennsylvania, Library at the Herbert D. Katz Center for Advanced Judaic Studies)

Alternate identifiers

Publisher

University of Pennsylvania

Language

Hebrew

Origin

Written in L'Isle-sur-la-Sorgue by Mosheh de Milhaud on behalf of the bachelor Eliyahu ben Ya'akov Carmi of Carpentras on 15 Adar I 5540 (Monday, 21 February 1780; colophon f. 18v).
Date
1780
Place
Liśloa

Summary

This is a manuscript of learning concentrated in the laws of sheḥitah (kosher ritual slaughter), bediḳah (the subsequent inspection of deformities), and ṭerefot (permitted and prohibited deformities for slaughtered animals). The purpose of the manuscript may have been a gift in honor of a completion of a semikhah for ritual slaughter, and the colophon suggests that the manuscript was a commissioned project. Notable rulings include that a drunkard (ha-shikor) should not perform shehitah, even if he has not reached the drunkenness level of Lot (f. 5r); this is the Ashkenazic ruling, here preferred by a teacher in Provence with ostensibly Sefardic customs (see R. Mosheh Isserles, ha-Mapah, commentary to Shulḥan ʻarukh Yoreh deʻah 1:8, who rules this way; R. Joseph Karo rules that a semi-drunk may slaughter). Another is that one may not perform shehitah over a moat (guma) because it is "the custom of heretics" (apiḳorsim; f. 5v); this is a variant of the Talmud Bavli, Ḥulin 41b, which records that being the custom of the Sadducees. Another instance where the writer supports the Ashkenazic ruling against the Sefardim is about the process of finding animals kosher despite certain types of lung adhesions (sirkhot) that do not puncture the lining of the lung, which R. Joseph Karo rules is "feeding ṭerefot to (the people of) Israel...", see ibid., 39:10, and R. Mosheh Isserles' note to ibid., 39:13 permitting it), because "it is the animal of a Jew, and the loss is great... ("hefsed merubah," f. 15v). With later emendations written by R. Abraham de Monteles in his hand, approximately 1800.

Notes

Extent

19 leaves : 220 x 140 (160 x 100) mm bound to 225 x 155 mm

Collation

Paper, i + 19 + i; 1⁷ (+7) 2-3⁶, 1 leaf; modern foliation in pencil, lower left recto, 1-19.

Support

Paper

Binding

Limp parchment wrappers, likely original.

Layout

  • Written in 16 long lines ruled in hardpoint; single indents follow each heading, while the final word for the preceding paragraph finishes without a period, as if in a open dialogue style.
  • Script

  • Written in a square script more typical of Italy in the hand of Mosheh de Milhaud; he was clearly quite expert at fine writing.
  • Provenance

    Subjects topical

    Genres

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