Collection ID: 0002 | Metadata type: TEI | TEI XML | Data

Ms. Coll. 700 Item 173 Language of the Darien Indians


Language of the Darien Indians


Other related names

Call number

Ms. Coll. 700 Item 173
(3420 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104-6206., University of Pennsylvania, Rare Book & Manuscript Library)

Alternate identifiers


University of Pennsylvania


English, Spanish, Cuna, and Cueva


Probably written in New York in 1873.
New York?


C. Hermann Berendt's notes, from various sources, on languages of the Darien Indians, in eastern Panama and northern Colombia (Choco), with inclusion of vocabularies of various Cuna dialects, as well as notes and vocabulary labeled Cueva (f. 6v-7r). Lacking a title page, the manuscript begins with a page headed References, which cites An Essay on the Antiquities of Great Britain and Ireland (by David Malcolm); and a presentation by J. H. Trumbull at the American Philological Society in 1873 (f. 1r). The manuscript proper consists of 40 vocabulary entries in a Darien language (Cuna) and English, from Lionel Wafer's A new voyage and description of the Isthmus of America (f. 2r-3r). For another version of that vocabulary, see Ms. Coll. 700, Item 169. The remainder of the manuscript comprises notes on separate leaves that have been tipped in, as follows: 1) A comparison of the numbers 1 to 10 in Cullen's Yule (Tule) and Balbi's Cunacuna, with reference to Cholo (Choco), and a few Darien-English samples from the Mithridates (f. 3v, 4r), transcribed from R. G. Latham (Transactions of the Philological Society, London, 1856, p. 113-114). 2) Three words labeled Uraba (uru, chebi, hobba) from Peter Martyr (De novo orbe, dec. 2, cap. 4), along with a note citing Lorenzo Hervás, Catálogo de las lenguas de las naciones conocidas (f. 4r). 3) Darien words from Antonio de Ulloa, and from Berthold Seemann, as presented by William Bollaert in his Antiquarian, ethnological, and other researches in New Granada, Equador, Peru and Chile (f. 4v). 4) A comparative chart compiled by Berendt from various sources, with the headings: Darien (Wafer), Cunacuna (Estala, El viagero), Careta (Joaquin Acosta), Bayano (Seemann), Tule (Cullen), San Blas, Cuna (Puydt) (f. 5r). 5) Geographical names in the district of Panamá from Lloyd's Notes on the Isthmus of Darien, as found in Bollaert (f. 6r). 6) Words labeled as Cueva and as Lengua de castilla del oro, extracted from Oviedo, Historia general y natural de las Indias, vol. IV (f. 6v). 8) Other material from Oviedo, taken from Ternaux-Compans, Recueil de documents et mémoires originaux sur l'histoire des possessions espagnoles dans l'Amérique (f. 7r). 8) Notes on the names coiba, cueva, and chiru (from Oscar Peschel, Geschichte des Zeitalters der Entdeckungen), and on the word beraqua (from Martyr). Much of the material in this manuscript is reflected in Berendt's paper The Darien language, presented in New York, in November 1873, and published in American Historical Record (vol. 3, no. 26, Feb. 1874, p. 54-59).



8 leaves : 204 x 125 mm. bound to 215 x150 mm


Paper, 8; i (paper endleaf) + 7; [1-7]; modern foliation in pencil, lower right recto; f. 1v and 5v are blank. A total of 8 leaves (some folded) tipped in (f. 3v-5r, 6r-7v).




  • Written in the hand of C. Hermann Berendt.
  • Provenance

    Subjects topical




    Front cover
    7182_0000.tif (52.6 MB)
    7182_0000_thumb.jpg (2.9 KB)
    7182_0000_web.jpg (215.5 KB)

    Inside front cover
    7182_0001.tif (52.6 MB)
    7182_0001_thumb.jpg (2.5 KB)
    7182_0001_web.jpg (149.9 KB)

    i recto
    7182_0002.tif (52.6 MB)
    7182_0002_thumb.jpg (2.7 KB)
    7182_0002_web.jpg (135.1 KB)

    i verso
    7182_0003.tif (52.6 MB)
    7182_0003_thumb.jpg (2.5 KB)
    7182_0003_web.jpg (102.8 KB)

    fol. 1r
    7182_0004.tif (52.6 MB)
    7182_0004_thumb.jpg (3.9 KB)
    7182_0004_web.jpg (170.2 KB)

    fol. 1v
    7182_0005.tif (52.6 MB)
    7182_0005_thumb.jpg (2.6 KB)
    7182_0005_web.jpg (101.9 KB)

    fol. 2r
    7182_0006.tif (52.6 MB)
    7182_0006_thumb.jpg (4.6 KB)
    7182_0006_web.jpg (215.8 KB)

    fol. 2v
    7182_0007.tif (52.6 MB)
    7182_0007_thumb.jpg (4.3 KB)
    7182_0007_web.jpg (179.5 KB)

    fol. 3r
    7182_0008.tif (52.6 MB)
    7182_0008_thumb.jpg (3.9 KB)
    7182_0008_web.jpg (197.5 KB)

    fol. 3v
    7182_0009.tif (52.6 MB)
    7182_0009_thumb.jpg (4.5 KB)
    7182_0009_web.jpg (170.6 KB)

    fol. 4r
    7182_0010.tif (52.6 MB)
    7182_0010_thumb.jpg (5.1 KB)
    7182_0010_web.jpg (251.3 KB)

    fol. 4v
    7182_0011.tif (52.6 MB)
    7182_0011_thumb.jpg (3.9 KB)
    7182_0011_web.jpg (168.3 KB)

    fol. 5r
    7182_0012.tif (52.6 MB)
    7182_0012_thumb.jpg (3.6 KB)
    7182_0012_web.jpg (148.4 KB)

    Note 1, Side 1
    7182_0013.tif (90.0 MB)
    7182_0013_thumb.jpg (5.5 KB)
    7182_0013_web.jpg (241.6 KB)

    Note 1, Side 2
    7182_0014.tif (90.0 MB)
    7182_0014_thumb.jpg (2.6 KB)
    7182_0014_web.jpg (104.3 KB)

    fol. 5v
    7182_0015.tif (52.6 MB)
    7182_0015_thumb.jpg (2.6 KB)
    7182_0015_web.jpg (98.5 KB)

    6 recto
    7182_0016.tif (52.6 MB)
    7182_0016_thumb.jpg (3.5 KB)
    7182_0016_web.jpg (164.8 KB)

    Note 2, Side 1
    7182_0017.tif (38.4 MB)
    7182_0017_thumb.jpg (2.3 KB)
    7182_0017_web.jpg (112.5 KB)

    Note 2, Side 2
    7182_0018.tif (38.4 MB)
    7182_0018_thumb.jpg (1.6 KB)
    7182_0018_web.jpg (51.7 KB)

    fol. 6v
    7182_0019.tif (52.6 MB)
    7182_0019_thumb.jpg (3.4 KB)
    7182_0019_web.jpg (141.7 KB)

    fol. 7r
    7182_0020.tif (52.6 MB)
    7182_0020_thumb.jpg (4.1 KB)
    7182_0020_web.jpg (186.7 KB)

    Note 3, Side 1
    7182_0021.tif (45.9 MB)
    7182_0021_thumb.jpg (2.9 KB)
    7182_0021_web.jpg (121.0 KB)

    Note 3, Side 2
    7182_0022.tif (45.9 MB)
    7182_0022_thumb.jpg (1.8 KB)
    7182_0022_web.jpg (57.4 KB)

    Note 4, Side 1
    7182_0023.tif (104.8 MB)
    7182_0023_thumb.jpg (3.8 KB)
    7182_0023_web.jpg (171.1 KB)

    Note 4, Side 2
    7182_0024.tif (104.8 MB)
    7182_0024_thumb.jpg (2.5 KB)
    7182_0024_web.jpg (105.8 KB)

    fol. 7v + Note 5
    7182_0025.tif (52.6 MB)
    7182_0025_thumb.jpg (3.5 KB)
    7182_0025_web.jpg (159.8 KB)

    Inside back cover
    7182_0026.tif (52.6 MB)
    7182_0026_thumb.jpg (2.5 KB)
    7182_0026_web.jpg (184.3 KB)

    Note 6, Side 1
    7182_0027.tif (29.1 MB)
    7182_0027_thumb.jpg (2.3 KB)
    7182_0027_web.jpg (83.1 KB)

    Note 6, Side 2
    7182_0028.tif (29.1 MB)
    7182_0028_thumb.jpg (1.5 KB)
    7182_0028_web.jpg (71.3 KB)

    Back cover
    7182_0029.tif (52.6 MB)
    7182_0029_thumb.jpg (2.6 KB)
    7182_0029_web.jpg (146.8 KB)