Collection ID: 0002 | Metadata type: TEI | TEI XML | Data

Ms. Coll. 390 Item 985 Four early upaniṣads


Four early upaniṣads

Call number

Ms. Coll. 390 Item 985
(3420 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104-6206., University of Pennsylvania, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts)

Alternate identifiers


University of Pennsylvania


In Sanskrit


Manuscript is used for contemplation, study, and recitation, and is a collection of three early upaniṣads, along with one partial unidentified work; these are late Vedic, philosophical treatises employed to reinforce and instill ideas and concepts about the makeup of the universe, in some cases presented as a dialogue between a father and son. Such ideas and teachings typically went beyond tradition Vedic training that focused on the performance of and/or strict adherence to rituals alone; however, the texts themselves comment on and/or espouse different kinds of ritual practices. Presents problems as a series of questions, in verse, and includes a discussion of various states of consciousness. Manuscript is incomplete.



1 item (49 leaves) : 11 x 16 cm



Subjects topical




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