Collection ID: 0023 | Metadata type: TEI | TEI XML | Data

Lewis E 255 Devotional extracts from the bible


Devotional extracts from the bible

Other related names


Call number

Lewis E 255
(Philadelphia, United States, Free Library of Philadelphia, John Frederick Lewis Collection of European Manuscripts)

Alternate identifiers


Free Library of Philadelphia




The present manuscript contains the same selection of biblical excerpts as a vellum imprint, printed in Leipzig by Jacobs Berwaldts [Bärwald] Erben in 1581 (only located printed copy: Paris, BnF, Vélins-1790); there are initials in a rounded medallion placed in lower border of ff. 11v, 19v, 23v, 30v, 43v: initials B / V / E / S separated by a crossed candelabra and dagger; also found in the lower borders of the 1581 edition, these initials have not been identified, but there is a supplementary clue in the printed 1581 edition: the blank heraldic shield simply inscribed here in ink with the letter "L" (fol. 24) [for "Leipzig?], is instead interestingly filled with the arms of the Prince Elector Augustus of Saxony (1553-1586); he collected books that would be useful in his endeavors, following the advice of professors at the University of Leipzig, and taking advantage of the great Frankfurt and Leipzig book fairs; the luxury of the present copy suggests that it could be a presentation or preparatory copy made for or in the circle of the Prince Elector Augustus of Saxony (who ruled Saxony from 1553 to 1586), a reputed bibliophile, who commissioned manuscripts and imprints for the Electoral Library founded in Dresden in 1556; circa 1580, likely before 1581
Leipzig?, Saxony, Germany


This compact devotional work contains biblical extracts taken from the Lutheran 1534 German translation, illustrated by small hand-colored narrative woodcuts and woodcut borders. It was likely realized for or in a Saxon (princely?) milieu, as there exists a very rare imprint (unicum?) of the same text in Paris (Paris, BnF, Vélins-1790) with a shield of the Prince Elector Augustus of Saxony. The elegant and unusual binding presents panels recorded on Leipzig or Wittemberg bindings of the second half of the sixteenth century.



I+47+i; 125 x 76 mm bound to 134 x 80 mm


Modern foliation in pencil, upper right recto (lower flyleaf is foliated as fol. 48)


1-2 (8), 3-4 (6), 5 (10), 6 (10, -10)




Contemporary panel-stamped and gold-tooled binding, likely made in Saxony, in the region of Leipzig or Wittenberg, during the last quarter of the sixteenth century (c. 1580); the center of each cover is impressed with a panel representing on the upper cover the Crucifixion (shown, unusually, with two disputing soldiers flanking Christ, the brazen serpent, and a seated unclothed man) with inscription below: "Ecce . Agnus . Dei . Qui . Tollit // Peccata . Mundi" (80 x 47 mm) and the lower cover the Resurrection with inscription below: "Mors . Ubi . Tuus . Aculeus . U // bi . Victoria . Tua . Inferne" (81 x 46 mm), with initials "A.H." ; according to the description from Les Enluminures, this monogram could be that of Ambrosius Hirsch, although the present panels are not recorded in Haebler specifically (see Haebler and Schunke [1928], vol. 1, pp. 162-164); the bookbinder identified as A.H. (Ambrosius Hirsch) was precisely active in Leipzig between 1577 and 1617 (see Haebler and Schunke [1928], Bd. I, pp. 164)


  • One column of thirteen lines; written area: 93 x 53 mm
  • Decoration

    Each devotional theme within the book is illustrated by a selection of biblical quotes and a woodcut (except the last two themes which have no woodcuts); in total, there are thirteen woodcuts, one less than in the printed vellum 1581 edition; the title page, text, and woodcuts are framed by four-sided woodcut borders, highlighted in similar colors as the woodcuts, with gold outlining, repeated on each page


  • Gothic--Fraktur
  • Provenance



    Table of contents



    Front cover
    5329_0000.tif (27.6 MB)
    5329_0000_thumb.jpg (4.3 KB)
    5329_0000_web.jpg (351.0 KB)
    Decoration: Full page miniature, The Crucifixion

    Inside front cover
    5329_0001.tif (27.6 MB)
    5329_0001_thumb.jpg (4.2 KB)
    5329_0001_web.jpg (350.7 KB)

    Flyleaf 1 recto
    5329_0002.tif (27.6 MB)
    5329_0002_thumb.jpg (4.8 KB)
    5329_0002_web.jpg (344.1 KB)

    Flyleaf 1 verso
    5329_0003.tif (27.6 MB)
    5329_0003_thumb.jpg (3.7 KB)
    5329_0003_web.jpg (393.6 KB)

    fol. 1r
    5329_0004.tif (27.6 MB)
    5329_0004_thumb.jpg (5.8 KB)
    5329_0004_web.jpg (416.6 KB)
    Section: Title Page

    fol. 1v
    5329_0005.tif (27.6 MB)
    5329_0005_thumb.jpg (4.5 KB)
    5329_0005_web.jpg (419.4 KB)

    fol. 2r
    5329_0006.tif (27.6 MB)
    5329_0006_thumb.jpg (4.4 KB)
    5329_0006_web.jpg (394.6 KB)

    fol. 2v
    5329_0007.tif (27.6 MB)
    5329_0007_thumb.jpg (4.5 KB)
    5329_0007_web.jpg (363.9 KB)

    fol. 3r
    5329_0008.tif (27.6 MB)
    5329_0008_thumb.jpg (5.8 KB)
    5329_0008_web.jpg (425.0 KB)
    Section: Creation
    Decoration: Large miniature, Creation of Eve from Adam's rib

    fol. 3v
    5329_0009.tif (27.6 MB)
    5329_0009_thumb.jpg (6.1 KB)
    5329_0009_web.jpg (425.0 KB)

    fol. 4r
    5329_0010.tif (27.6 MB)
    5329_0010_thumb.jpg (5.8 KB)
    5329_0010_web.jpg (426.5 KB)

    fol. 4v
    5329_0011.tif (27.6 MB)
    5329_0011_thumb.jpg (6.0 KB)
    5329_0011_web.jpg (439.0 KB)

    fol. 5r
    5329_0012.tif (27.6 MB)
    5329_0012_thumb.jpg (6.1 KB)
    5329_0012_web.jpg (409.9 KB)

    fol. 5v
    5329_0013.tif (27.6 MB)
    5329_0013_thumb.jpg (6.0 KB)
    5329_0013_web.jpg (444.6 KB)

    fol. 6r
    5329_0014.tif (27.6 MB)
    5329_0014_thumb.jpg (6.0 KB)
    5329_0014_web.jpg (409.0 KB)
    Section: Fall of Man

    fol. 6v
    5329_0015.tif (27.6 MB)
    5329_0015_thumb.jpg (6.1 KB)
    5329_0015_web.jpg (447.3 KB)

    fol. 7r
    5329_0016.tif (27.6 MB)
    5329_0016_thumb.jpg (6.2 KB)
    5329_0016_web.jpg (444.4 KB)
    Decoration: Large miniature, Fall of Adam and Eve

    fol. 7v
    5329_0017.tif (27.6 MB)
    5329_0017_thumb.jpg (5.9 KB)
    5329_0017_web.jpg (430.2 KB)

    fol. 8r
    5329_0018.tif (27.6 MB)
    5329_0018_thumb.jpg (6.0 KB)
    5329_0018_web.jpg (436.7 KB)

    fol. 8v
    5329_0019.tif (27.6 MB)
    5329_0019_thumb.jpg (6.2 KB)
    5329_0019_web.jpg (423.7 KB)

    fol. 9r
    5329_0020.tif (27.6 MB)
    5329_0020_thumb.jpg (6.0 KB)
    5329_0020_web.jpg (416.3 KB)

    fol. 9v
    5329_0021.tif (27.6 MB)
    5329_0021_thumb.jpg (6.1 KB)
    5329_0021_web.jpg (456.7 KB)
    Section: Conception

    fol. 10r
    5329_0022.tif (27.6 MB)
    5329_0022_thumb.jpg (6.0 KB)
    5329_0022_web.jpg (417.9 KB)

    fol. 10v
    5329_0023.tif (27.6 MB)
    5329_0023_thumb.jpg (6.0 KB)
    5329_0023_web.jpg (446.9 KB)

    fol. 11r
    5329_0024.tif (27.6 MB)
    5329_0024_thumb.jpg (6.3 KB)
    5329_0024_web.jpg (450.1 KB)

    fol. 11v
    5329_0025.tif (27.6 MB)
    5329_0025_thumb.jpg (6.1 KB)
    5329_0025_web.jpg (415.5 KB)

    fol. 12r
    5329_0026.tif (27.6 MB)
    5329_0026_thumb.jpg (5.9 KB)
    5329_0026_web.jpg (422.5 KB)
    Decoration: Large miniature, Annunciation

    fol. 12v
    5329_0027.tif (27.6 MB)
    5329_0027_thumb.jpg (5.8 KB)
    5329_0027_web.jpg (420.1 KB)
    Section: Nativity

    fol. 13r
    5329_0028.tif (27.6 MB)
    5329_0028_thumb.jpg (6.1 KB)
    5329_0028_web.jpg (414.3 KB)

    fol. 13v
    5329_0029.tif (27.6 MB)
    5329_0029_thumb.jpg (6.0 KB)
    5329_0029_web.jpg (443.5 KB)

    fol. 14r
    5329_0030.tif (27.6 MB)
    5329_0030_thumb.jpg (6.2 KB)
    5329_0030_web.jpg (417.8 KB)

    fol. 14v
    5329_0031.tif (27.6 MB)
    5329_0031_thumb.jpg (6.0 KB)
    5329_0031_web.jpg (447.1 KB)

    fol. 15r
    5329_0032.tif (27.6 MB)
    5329_0032_thumb.jpg (6.1 KB)
    5329_0032_web.jpg (427.0 KB)
    Decoration: Large miniature, Nativity

    fol. 15v
    5329_0033.tif (27.6 MB)
    5329_0033_thumb.jpg (5.9 KB)
    5329_0033_web.jpg (403.7 KB)
    Section: Christ in the Garden of Gethsemane

    fol. 16r
    5329_0034.tif (27.6 MB)
    5329_0034_thumb.jpg (6.1 KB)
    5329_0034_web.jpg (406.2 KB)

    fol. 16v
    5329_0035.tif (27.6 MB)
    5329_0035_thumb.jpg (6.0 KB)
    5329_0035_web.jpg (432.2 KB)

    fol. 17r
    5329_0036.tif (27.6 MB)
    5329_0036_thumb.jpg (5.9 KB)
    5329_0036_web.jpg (420.5 KB)
    Decoration: Large miniature, Christ in the Garden of Gethsemane

    fol. 17v
    5329_0037.tif (27.6 MB)
    5329_0037_thumb.jpg (6.2 KB)
    5329_0037_web.jpg (403.8 KB)

    fol. 18r
    5329_0038.tif (27.6 MB)
    5329_0038_thumb.jpg (6.0 KB)
    5329_0038_web.jpg (397.4 KB)

    fol. 18v
    5329_0039.tif (27.6 MB)
    5329_0039_thumb.jpg (6.0 KB)
    5329_0039_web.jpg (426.1 KB)

    fol. 19r
    5329_0040.tif (27.6 MB)
    5329_0040_thumb.jpg (5.9 KB)
    5329_0040_web.jpg (442.0 KB)
    Section: Arrest of Christ

    fol. 19v
    5329_0041.tif (27.6 MB)
    5329_0041_thumb.jpg (5.8 KB)
    5329_0041_web.jpg (451.6 KB)

    fol. 20r
    5329_0042.tif (27.6 MB)
    5329_0042_thumb.jpg (5.8 KB)
    5329_0042_web.jpg (445.0 KB)

    fol. 20v
    5329_0043.tif (27.6 MB)
    5329_0043_thumb.jpg (5.9 KB)
    5329_0043_web.jpg (443.9 KB)

    fol. 21r
    5329_0044.tif (27.6 MB)
    5329_0044_thumb.jpg (6.0 KB)
    5329_0044_web.jpg (436.6 KB)
    Decoration: Large miniature, Arrest of Christ

    fol. 21v
    5329_0045.tif (27.6 MB)
    5329_0045_thumb.jpg (5.9 KB)
    5329_0045_web.jpg (430.4 KB)

    fol. 22r
    5329_0046.tif (27.6 MB)
    5329_0046_thumb.jpg (6.1 KB)
    5329_0046_web.jpg (408.0 KB)
    Section: Flagellation

    fol. 22v
    5329_0047.tif (27.6 MB)
    5329_0047_thumb.jpg (5.9 KB)
    5329_0047_web.jpg (437.4 KB)

    fol. 23r
    5329_0048.tif (27.6 MB)
    5329_0048_thumb.jpg (5.9 KB)
    5329_0048_web.jpg (428.2 KB)

    fol. 23v
    5329_0049.tif (27.6 MB)
    5329_0049_thumb.jpg (5.7 KB)
    5329_0049_web.jpg (437.1 KB)

    fol. 24r
    5329_0050.tif (27.6 MB)
    5329_0050_thumb.jpg (5.9 KB)
    5329_0050_web.jpg (402.9 KB)

    fol. 24v
    5329_0051.tif (27.6 MB)
    5329_0051_thumb.jpg (5.7 KB)
    5329_0051_web.jpg (423.5 KB)

    fol. 25r
    5329_0052.tif (27.6 MB)
    5329_0052_thumb.jpg (6.0 KB)
    5329_0052_web.jpg (417.7 KB)
    Decoration: Large miniature, Flagellation of Christ

    fol. 25v
    5329_0053.tif (27.6 MB)
    5329_0053_thumb.jpg (6.2 KB)
    5329_0053_web.jpg (426.8 KB)
    Section: Passion

    fol. 26r
    5329_0054.tif (27.6 MB)
    5329_0054_thumb.jpg (6.1 KB)
    5329_0054_web.jpg (423.4 KB)

    fol. 26v
    5329_0055.tif (27.6 MB)
    5329_0055_thumb.jpg (6.1 KB)
    5329_0055_web.jpg (426.2 KB)

    fol. 27r
    5329_0056.tif (27.6 MB)
    5329_0056_thumb.jpg (6.1 KB)
    5329_0056_web.jpg (426.8 KB)

    fol. 27v
    5329_0057.tif (27.6 MB)
    5329_0057_thumb.jpg (6.0 KB)
    5329_0057_web.jpg (449.5 KB)
    Decoration: Large miniaure, Christ carrying the Cross

    fol. 28r
    5329_0058.tif (27.6 MB)
    5329_0058_thumb.jpg (6.1 KB)
    5329_0058_web.jpg (421.3 KB)

    fol. 28v
    5329_0059.tif (27.6 MB)
    5329_0059_thumb.jpg (6.0 KB)
    5329_0059_web.jpg (420.3 KB)
    Section: Crucifixion

    fol. 29r
    5329_0060.tif (27.6 MB)
    5329_0060_thumb.jpg (6.0 KB)
    5329_0060_web.jpg (415.1 KB)
    Decoration: Large miniature, Crucifixion

    fol. 29v
    5329_0061.tif (27.6 MB)
    5329_0061_thumb.jpg (6.2 KB)
    5329_0061_web.jpg (407.1 KB)

    fol. 30r
    5329_0062.tif (27.6 MB)
    5329_0062_thumb.jpg (6.1 KB)
    5329_0062_web.jpg (411.6 KB)

    fol. 30v
    5329_0063.tif (27.6 MB)
    5329_0063_thumb.jpg (6.0 KB)
    5329_0063_web.jpg (428.6 KB)

    fol. 31r
    5329_0064.tif (27.6 MB)
    5329_0064_thumb.jpg (5.9 KB)
    5329_0064_web.jpg (433.6 KB)

    fol. 31v
    5329_0065.tif (27.6 MB)
    5329_0065_thumb.jpg (5.9 KB)
    5329_0065_web.jpg (409.0 KB)
    Section: Entombment

    fol. 32r
    5329_0066.tif (27.6 MB)
    5329_0066_thumb.jpg (5.9 KB)
    5329_0066_web.jpg (420.8 KB)

    fol. 32v
    5329_0067.tif (27.6 MB)
    5329_0067_thumb.jpg (5.9 KB)
    5329_0067_web.jpg (405.9 KB)

    fol. 33r
    5329_0068.tif (27.6 MB)
    5329_0068_thumb.jpg (5.7 KB)
    5329_0068_web.jpg (435.2 KB)
    Decoration: Large miniature, Entombment

    fol. 33v
    5329_0069.tif (27.6 MB)
    5329_0069_thumb.jpg (6.0 KB)
    5329_0069_web.jpg (435.3 KB)

    fol. 34r
    5329_0070.tif (27.6 MB)
    5329_0070_thumb.jpg (5.8 KB)
    5329_0070_web.jpg (420.9 KB)
    Section: Resurrection

    fol. 34v
    5329_0071.tif (27.6 MB)
    5329_0071_thumb.jpg (6.0 KB)
    5329_0071_web.jpg (436.8 KB)

    fol. 35r
    5329_0072.tif (27.6 MB)
    5329_0072_thumb.jpg (5.9 KB)
    5329_0072_web.jpg (425.4 KB)
    Decoration: Large miniature, Resurrection

    fol. 35v
    5329_0073.tif (27.6 MB)
    5329_0073_thumb.jpg (6.4 KB)
    5329_0073_web.jpg (424.4 KB)

    fol. 36r
    5329_0074.tif (27.6 MB)
    5329_0074_thumb.jpg (6.0 KB)
    5329_0074_web.jpg (437.0 KB)

    fol. 36v
    5329_0075.tif (27.6 MB)
    5329_0075_thumb.jpg (6.0 KB)
    5329_0075_web.jpg (428.8 KB)
    Section: Ascension

    fol. 37r
    5329_0076.tif (27.6 MB)
    5329_0076_thumb.jpg (5.8 KB)
    5329_0076_web.jpg (421.5 KB)

    fol. 37v
    5329_0077.tif (27.6 MB)
    5329_0077_thumb.jpg (6.3 KB)
    5329_0077_web.jpg (423.0 KB)

    fol. 38r
    5329_0078.tif (27.6 MB)
    5329_0078_thumb.jpg (6.0 KB)
    5329_0078_web.jpg (422.7 KB)

    fol. 38v
    5329_0079.tif (27.6 MB)
    5329_0079_thumb.jpg (6.4 KB)
    5329_0079_web.jpg (442.6 KB)

    fol. 39r
    5329_0080.tif (27.6 MB)
    5329_0080_thumb.jpg (5.9 KB)
    5329_0080_web.jpg (415.5 KB)
    Decoration: Large miniature, Ascension

    fol. 39v
    5329_0081.tif (27.6 MB)
    5329_0081_thumb.jpg (6.1 KB)
    5329_0081_web.jpg (422.5 KB)

    fol. 40r
    5329_0082.tif (27.6 MB)
    5329_0082_thumb.jpg (6.0 KB)
    5329_0082_web.jpg (432.4 KB)
    Section: Descent of the Holy Spirit

    fol. 40v
    5329_0083.tif (27.6 MB)
    5329_0083_thumb.jpg (6.1 KB)
    5329_0083_web.jpg (417.4 KB)

    fol. 41r
    5329_0084.tif (27.6 MB)
    5329_0084_thumb.jpg (6.0 KB)
    5329_0084_web.jpg (409.4 KB)

    fol. 41v
    5329_0085.tif (27.6 MB)
    5329_0085_thumb.jpg (6.2 KB)
    5329_0085_web.jpg (439.1 KB)

    fol. 42r
    5329_0086.tif (27.6 MB)
    5329_0086_thumb.jpg (5.9 KB)
    5329_0086_web.jpg (422.3 KB)
    Decoration: Large miniature, Pentecost

    fol. 42v
    5329_0087.tif (27.6 MB)
    5329_0087_thumb.jpg (6.5 KB)
    5329_0087_web.jpg (430.5 KB)

    fol. 43r
    5329_0088.tif (27.6 MB)
    5329_0088_thumb.jpg (6.1 KB)
    5329_0088_web.jpg (420.0 KB)

    fol. 43v
    5329_0089.tif (27.6 MB)
    5329_0089_thumb.jpg (6.4 KB)
    5329_0089_web.jpg (423.7 KB)

    fol. 44r
    5329_0090.tif (27.6 MB)
    5329_0090_thumb.jpg (5.9 KB)
    5329_0090_web.jpg (412.7 KB)
    Section: Resurrection of the Dead

    fol. 44v
    5329_0091.tif (27.6 MB)
    5329_0091_thumb.jpg (6.5 KB)
    5329_0091_web.jpg (413.6 KB)

    fol. 45r
    5329_0092.tif (27.6 MB)
    5329_0092_thumb.jpg (6.0 KB)
    5329_0092_web.jpg (409.0 KB)

    fol. 45v
    5329_0093.tif (27.6 MB)
    5329_0093_thumb.jpg (6.4 KB)
    5329_0093_web.jpg (428.2 KB)

    fol. 46r
    5329_0094.tif (27.6 MB)
    5329_0094_thumb.jpg (5.8 KB)
    5329_0094_web.jpg (433.3 KB)
    Section: On Eternal Life [On the Life to come]

    fol. 46v
    5329_0095.tif (27.6 MB)
    5329_0095_thumb.jpg (6.3 KB)
    5329_0095_web.jpg (426.4 KB)

    fol. 47r
    5329_0096.tif (27.6 MB)
    5329_0096_thumb.jpg (6.0 KB)
    5329_0096_web.jpg (428.7 KB)

    fol. 47v
    5329_0097.tif (27.6 MB)
    5329_0097_thumb.jpg (3.4 KB)
    5329_0097_web.jpg (328.7 KB)

    Flyleaf 1 recto
    5329_0098.tif (27.6 MB)
    5329_0098_thumb.jpg (3.2 KB)
    5329_0098_web.jpg (335.6 KB)

    Flyleaf 1 verso
    5329_0099.tif (27.6 MB)
    5329_0099_thumb.jpg (3.3 KB)
    5329_0099_web.jpg (304.4 KB)

    Inside back cover
    5329_0100.tif (29.6 MB)
    5329_0100_thumb.jpg (3.5 KB)
    5329_0100_web.jpg (386.0 KB)

    Back cover
    5329_0101.tif (27.6 MB)
    5329_0101_thumb.jpg (4.3 KB)
    5329_0101_web.jpg (349.0 KB)

    5329_0102.tif (16.9 MB)
    5329_0102_thumb.jpg (2.1 KB)
    5329_0102_web.jpg (121.3 KB)

    Fore edge
    5329_0103.tif (16.9 MB)
    5329_0103_thumb.jpg (2.1 KB)
    5329_0103_web.jpg (120.0 KB)

    Top edge
    5329_0104.tif (16.9 MB)
    5329_0104_thumb.jpg (1.9 KB)
    5329_0104_web.jpg (78.1 KB)

    Bottom edge
    5329_0105.tif (16.9 MB)
    5329_0105_thumb.jpg (1.9 KB)
    5329_0105_web.jpg (81.1 KB)

    5329_0106.tif (16.9 MB)
    5329_0106_thumb.jpg (2.2 KB)
    5329_0106_web.jpg (116.6 KB)