German Society of Pennsylvania
Repository ID: 0017 | Metadata type: TEI
Documents from the German Society of Pennsylvania
Unless otherwise stated, all images from the German Society of Pennsylvania and their content hosted here are ©2016 German Society of Pennsylvania. They are licensed for use under a Creative Commons Attribution License version 4.0 (CC-BY-4.0):
Unless otherwise stated, all manuscript descriptions and other cataloging metadata hosted here are ©2016 The German Society of Pennsylvania. They are licensed for use under a Creative Commons Attribution Licensed version 4.0 (CC-BY-4.0):
The data presented on OPenn is intended for aggregators, digital humanists, and scholars who have been directed here to procure high-resolution images and their associated metadata. It is presented in a manner most likely to ensure its long-term digital preservation.
About the German Society of Pennsylvania
Founded in 1764, The German Society of Pennsylvania is America’s oldest German organization. Its Joseph P. Horner Memorial Library, housed in a beautiful 19th century reading room, holds one of the largest private collections of German-language books in the U.S. The German American Collection contains a wealth of material documenting all aspects of German American life, beginning with the first settlers in Germantown in 1683. In addition to books, the library houses sizable collections of 19th century Philadelphia German newspapers, periodicals, pamphlets, and manuscripts. The online catalog can be viewed at: http://gsp.library.net
OPenn includes some of the items from the German Society of Pennsylvania. For more information on all of the collections available at the German Society see:
Image standards and specifications
Images from the German Society of Pennsylvania collections were shot and processed by the Schoenberg Center for Electronic Text & Image. In general, SCETI follows the NISO standards as articulated in A Framework for Building Good Digital Collections, 3rd Edition:
The following represents specific standards adopted by SCETI in their capture of digital images.
- Archival Masters: 600 ppi 24-bit raw TIFF color image
- "Golden Thread" color target is used for every exposure. Target also includes interference pattern and inch/centimeter markings. Target is also used to check focus.
Imaging and processing equipment
- Cameras: IQ280 80 megapixel Phase One digital camera
- Lenses: Schneider Kreuznach lenses
- Software: Phase One Capture One Pro; Photoshop CS3
Master images are captured at a resolution of at least 600 pixels per inch of the image subject. Once all of the images for a manuscript have been captured they are color-corrected, deskewed, and cropped.
In 2015, SCETI began using IQ280 Phase One digital cameras; however,
OPenn contains images that were captured using different equipment
before this time. If you have questions about a specific manuscript or
image, please refer to the header of the Master image or images in
question or the accompanying XMP files. You can see this, for example,
in the Master images for Penn Manuscript Ms. Codex 1096 at
Note the metadata in the image header of
0396_0000.tif or in its
sidecar XMP file
0396_0000.tif.xmp as seen below.
<rdf:Description rdf:about='' xmlns:tiff='http://ns.adobe.com/tiff/1.0/'> <tiff:BitsPerSample> <rdf:Seq> <rdf:li>8</rdf:li> <rdf:li>8</rdf:li> <rdf:li>8</rdf:li> </rdf:Seq> </tiff:BitsPerSample> <tiff:Compression>1</tiff:Compression> <tiff:ImageLength>6121</tiff:ImageLength> <tiff:ImageWidth>4655</tiff:ImageWidth> <tiff:Make>Phase One</tiff:Make> <tiff:Model>P 45+</tiff:Model> <tiff:Orientation>1</tiff:Orientation> <tiff:PhotometricInterpretation>2</tiff:PhotometricInterpretation> <tiff:PlanarConfiguration>1</tiff:PlanarConfiguration> <tiff:ResolutionUnit>2</tiff:ResolutionUnit> <tiff:SamplesPerPixel>3</tiff:SamplesPerPixel> <tiff:Software>Capture One 4 Windows</tiff:Software> <tiff:XResolution>600/1</tiff:XResolution> <tiff:YResolution>600/1</tiff:YResolution> </rdf:Description>