The Hill Museum & Manuscript Library (HMML)

The Hill Museum & Manuscript Library (HMML)

Repository ID: 0048 | Metadata type: Custom

Documents from the Hill Museum & Manuscript Library



Unless otherwise stated, to the extent possible, the Hill Museum & Manuscript Library has granted public access to these works under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) license. In all presentations and publications, all multispectral images should be credited to "R.B. Toth Associates/Equipoise Imaging" and all X-ray fluorescence (XRF) images must acknowledge use of the SLAC (Stanford Linear Accelerator Center) laboratory with the following "Use of the Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, is supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences under Contract No. DE-AC02-76SF00515."

Users are free to 1) Share: copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format, and 2) Adapt: remix, transform, and build upon the material, for any purpose, even commercially. This work is published from the United States. For a summary of CC 4.0 see:

Legal code:


All manuscript descriptions and other cataloging metadata hosted here are ©2020 Hill Museum & Manuscript Library. They are licensed for use under the GNU Free Documentation License:

Intended Users

Hosted on OPenn is a palimpsest leaf from HMML, SJU MS Frag 32.

The HMML Palimpsest data presented on OPenn are intended for public use, including by aggregators, researchers, students, supporters, conservators and scholars to access and use high-resolution multispectral and advanced XRF images and their associated metadata. They are presented in a manner most likely to ensure their long-term digital preservation.

Natural light images of the HMML Palimpsest, SJU MS Frag 32, and selected processed images and metadata are also viewable in a user-friendly searchable interface in vHMML Reading Room, HMML's digital library:

Sponsorship and Contributors

The images and descriptions of palimpsests on OPenn and vHMML were created as part of an international collaborative project led and co-managed by R.B. Toth Associates LLC and the Hill Museum & Manuscript Library. Michael B. Toth and Bill Christens-Barry conducted this multispectral imaging and digital processing for HMML, supported by then University College London PhD student Cerys Jones. SLAC SSRL conducted the XRF imaging with the support of a broad team of scientists and technical experts, including Uwe Bergmann, Nicolas Edwards and Sam Webb. Hill Museum & Manuscript Library contributors include: Melissa Moreton (Assistant Director for Strategic Initiatives), Wayne Torborg (Director of Digital Collections and Imaging), David Calabro (Curator of Islamic and Eastern Christian Manuscripts), Matthew Heintzelman (Curator of Rare Books and Western Collections), and Columba Stewart (Executive Director).

About the Hill Museum & Manuscript Library (HMML)

The Hill Museum & Manuscript Library (HMML), at Saint John's University in Collegeville, Minnesota, is an internationally renowned cultural heritage organization focused on partnering with communities of origin to digitally preserve endangered manuscripts. HMML currently holds the world's largest archive of manuscript photographs in both microfilm and digital format. Its digital archives contain approximately 300,000 complete manuscripts, ranging in size from large codices of hundreds of folios to brief documents consisting of just a few leaves.

HMML's mission is to preserve and share the world's handwritten past to inspire a deeper understanding of our present and future, and includes three major components: digitally preserving rare and endangered manuscripts; archiving, cataloging and sharing manuscripts online; fostering research on the thought and cultures represented in the manuscripts.

For more information on the Hill Museum & Manuscript Library and the HMML Palimpsest Project visit:

For more information on HMML's virtual library and platform for manuscript studies see:

The documents on OPenn