Swarthmore College, Friends Historical Library
Repository ID: 0008 | Metadata type: TEI
Documents from the Friends Historical Library, Swarthmare College
The data presented on OPenn is intended for aggregators, digital humanists, and scholars who have been directed here to procure high-resolution images and their associated metadata. It is presented in a manner most likely to ensure its long-term digital preservation.
About the Friends Historical Library, Swarthmore College
Established in 1871 at Swarthmore College, two years after the College opened, the Friends Historical Library documents the history of the Religious Society of Friends (Quakers) from their mid-seventeenth century origins to the present. As the largest Quaker library in the world, it includes materials on women's suffrage, the rights of Native Americans, the anti-slavery movement, social activism, and the peace movement.
OPenn includes some of the items from the Friends Historical Library. For more information on all of the collections available at the Library see:
Image standards and specifications
In general, Friends Historical Library scans material at the highest possible quality depending upon the size and condition of the originals. Scanning specifications and scanning and processing equipment may change from project to project.
Images of the Farrell family Bible (BS75 1200z) were shot and processed by the Schoenberg Center for Electronic Text & Image for Bibliotheca Philadelphiensis. In general, The Schoenberg Center for Electronic Text & Image follows the NISO standards as articulated in A Framework for Building Good Digital Collections, 3rd Edition:
The following represents specific standards adopted by SCETI in their capture of digital images.
- Archival Masters: 600 ppi 24-bit raw TIFF color image
- "Golden Thread" color target is used for every exposure. Target also includes interference pattern and inch/centimeter markings. Target is also used to check focus.
Imaging and processing equipment
- Cameras: IQ280 80 megapixel Phase One digital camera
- Lenses: Schneider Kreuznach lenses
- Software: Phase One Capture One Pro; Photoshop CS3
Master images are captured at a resolution of at least 600 pixels per inch of the image subject. Once all of the images for a manuscript have been captured they are color-corrected, deskewed, and cropped.
In 2015, SCETI began using IQ280 Phase One digital cameras; however,
OPenn contains images that were captured using different equipment
before this time. If you have questions about a specific manuscript or
image, please refer to the header of the Master image or images in
question or the accompanying XMP files. You can see this, for example,
in the Master images for Penn Manuscript Ms. Codex 1096 at
Note the metadata in the image header of
0396_0000.tif or in its
sidecar XMP file
0396_0000.tif.xmp as seen below.
<rdf:Description rdf:about='' xmlns:tiff='http://ns.adobe.com/tiff/1.0/'> <tiff:BitsPerSample> <rdf:Seq> <rdf:li>8</rdf:li> <rdf:li>8</rdf:li> <rdf:li>8</rdf:li> </rdf:Seq> </tiff:BitsPerSample> <tiff:Compression>1</tiff:Compression> <tiff:ImageLength>6121</tiff:ImageLength> <tiff:ImageWidth>4655</tiff:ImageWidth> <tiff:Make>Phase One</tiff:Make> <tiff:Model>P 45+</tiff:Model> <tiff:Orientation>1</tiff:Orientation> <tiff:PhotometricInterpretation>2</tiff:PhotometricInterpretation> <tiff:PlanarConfiguration>1</tiff:PlanarConfiguration> <tiff:ResolutionUnit>2</tiff:ResolutionUnit> <tiff:SamplesPerPixel>3</tiff:SamplesPerPixel> <tiff:Software>Capture One 4 Windows</tiff:Software> <tiff:XResolution>600/1</tiff:XResolution> <tiff:YResolution>600/1</tiff:YResolution> </rdf:Description>
The documents on OPenn
Journal of a Visit to the Seneca Indians
(Philadelphia County (Pa.), 1796)
Notes, on a visit to Several Tribes of Indians
(Philadelphia County (Pa.), 1796)
Journal or Visit to Upper Canada and Parts Adjacent
(Philadelphia County (Pa.), 1797)
(Paris?, Northern France, Late 13th century)