Swarthmore College, Friends Historical Library

Swarthmore College, Friends Historical Library

Repository ID: 0008 | Metadata type: TEI

Documents from the Friends Historical Library, Swarthmare College


All images and metadata on OPenn are in the public domain or bear Creative Commons licenses and are available as Free Cultural Works. As such, they can be used freely for any purpose. Specific terms of use vary by document. See individual items for specific terms.

Intended Users

The data presented on OPenn is intended for aggregators, digital humanists, and scholars who have been directed here to procure high-resolution images and their associated metadata. It is presented in a manner most likely to ensure its long-term digital preservation.

About the Friends Historical Library, Swarthmore College

Established in 1871 at Swarthmore College, two years after the College opened, the Friends Historical Library documents the history of the Religious Society of Friends (Quakers) from their mid-seventeenth century origins to the present. As the largest Quaker library in the world, it includes materials on women's suffrage, the rights of Native Americans, the anti-slavery movement, social activism, and the peace movement.

OPenn includes some of the items from the Friends Historical Library. For more information on all of the collections available at the Library see:

Image standards and specifications

In general, Friends Historical Library scans material at the highest possible quality depending upon the size and condition of the originals. Scanning specifications and scanning and processing equipment may change from project to project.

Images of the Farrell family Bible (BS75 1200z) were shot and processed by the Schoenberg Center for Electronic Text & Image for Bibliotheca Philadelphiensis. In general, The Schoenberg Center for Electronic Text & Image follows the NISO standards as articulated in A Framework for Building Good Digital Collections, 3rd Edition:

The following represents specific standards adopted by SCETI in their capture of digital images.

Image specifications

Imaging and processing equipment

Master images are captured at a resolution of at least 600 pixels per inch of the image subject. Once all of the images for a manuscript have been captured they are color-corrected, deskewed, and cropped.

In 2015, SCETI began using IQ280 Phase One digital cameras; however, OPenn contains images that were captured using different equipment before this time. If you have questions about a specific manuscript or image, please refer to the header of the Master image or images in question or the accompanying XMP files. You can see this, for example, in the Master images for Penn Manuscript Ms. Codex 1096 at http://openn.library.upenn.edu/Data/0002/mscodex1096/data/master/. Note the metadata in the image header of 0396_0000.tif or in its sidecar XMP file 0396_0000.tif.xmp as seen below.

<rdf:Description rdf:about=''
  <tiff:Make>Phase One</tiff:Make>
  <tiff:Model>P 45+</tiff:Model>
  <tiff:Software>Capture One 4 Windows</tiff:Software>

The documents on OPenn