University of Pennsylvania Papyrological Collection

University of Pennsylvania Papyrological Collection

The Advanced Papyrological Information System (APIS) project at the University of Pennsylvania did extensive scanning of the papyri at the University Museum during 2005-2009 and made the images available at "" This site hosted images of more than 400 items in the Museum's collections, of these, around 100 were entered with full catalog descriptions in the APIS database. The OPenn collection here represents just those items with full APIS descriptions. For more information on the larger APIS project see:


The Advanced Papyrological Information System (APIS) was planned, starting in 1995, by Roger Bagnall, Traianos Gagos, and John Oates, representing Columbia University, the University of Michigan, and Duke University. Berkeley, Princeton, and Yale joined the effort soon after. The project was launched in 1996/7 with support from the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) and the six original institutions. A total of six NEH grants, along with institutional support, foundation grants, and private donations, sustained the development of APIS through 2013. At present it includes twelve full member institutions along with another fifteen collections that have contributed data, including some archaeologicsal field projects. Its founding vision was more completely realized when it was systemtically linked to the other sources in the Papyrological Navigator through the Integrating Digital Papyrology project, in serveral phases, supported by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation and directed by Joshua Sosin. The APIS contributions from Penn were spearheaded by Prof. Robert A. Kraft.



All images and their contents from the University of Pennsylvania Papyrological Collection are free of known copyright restrictions and in the public domain. See the Creative Commons Public Domain Mark page for more information on terms of use:


For all manuscript descriptions and other cataloging metadata, the copyright holder is the mansucripts' holding institution. For example, if the manuscript is from the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaology and Anthropology, then the copyright for the manuscript descriptions and other cataloging metadata is ©2023 University of Pennsylvania Musuem of Archaeology and Anthropology. The metadata is licensed for use under a Creative Commons CC0 Licensed version 1.0 (CC0-1.0):

For a description of the terms of use, see the Creative Commons deed:

Intended Users

The Papyri data presented on OPenn is intended for aggregators, digital humanists, and scholars who have been directed here to procure high-resolution images and their associated metadata. It is presented in a manner most likely to ensure its long-term digital preservation. The images of these manuscripts are accompanied by detailed manuscript descriptions in machine-readable TEI format. Images and TEI manuscript descriptions are added frequently, so check often to see new additions.

University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology