Columbia University, Rare Book & Manuscript Library

Columbia University, Rare Book & Manuscript Library

Repository ID: 0032 | Metadata type: TEI

Documents from Columbia University, Rare Book and Manuscript Library



Unless otherwise stated, all images and their contents from Columbia University, Rare Book and Manuscript Library hosted here are free of known copyright restrictions and in the public domain. See the Creative Commons Public Domain Mark page for more information on terms of use:


Unless otherwise stated, to the extent possible under law, Columbia University, Rare Book and Manuscript Library has waived all copyright and related or neighboring rights to its metadata hosted here. This work is published from: United States. For a summary of CC0 see:

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Intended Users

The data presented on OPenn are intended for aggregators, digital humanists, and scholars who have been directed here to procure high-resolution images and their associated metadata. It is presented in a manner most likely to ensure its long-term digital preservation.

Columbia University, Rare Book and Manuscript Library generates e-books for the Internet Archive for all their digitized material. These materials can be found in a user-friendly format at:

About Columbia University's Rare Book and Manuscript Library

The Libraries at Columbia are at the heart of the University. The collections serve the research needs of the Columbia faculty, undergraduate and graduate students, and the community, while providing a wealth of items for the use of scholars from around the world. The Rare Book and Manuscript Library, largest of Columbia's repositories for the special collections of the University, holds collections spanning more than 4,000 years, from cuneiform tablets to born-digital objects. Some 600,000 printed books and 17 miles of manuscripts, personal papers, and records form the core of the RBML holdings, along with well over one million photographs, prints and drawings, maps, coins, scientific instruments, playing cards, theater set models and other realia, and audio and moving image materials.

The collections cover a broad range of subjects, and provide researchers with a great depth of material to study. RBML holds important early manuscripts and printed books in Arabic, Latin, Greek, Hebrew, and a wide variety of other languages. Particular collecting strengths include the history of English and American literature, journalism, finance and economics, mathematics and astronomy, printing and publishing, theater and the performing arts, photography, American history, Russian and East European Emigré history and culture, Hebraica and Judaica, and Latino arts and activism. RBML is home to one of the oldest oral history collections in the country, and is also the repository for archives that support the mission of the Center for Human Rights Documentation and Research.

Columbia's holdings in OPenn include many of RBML's Muslim world manuscripts. For more information on the rest of their collections, please see:

Image standards and specifications

Images from the Rare Book and Manuscript Library at Columbia University were created in the Digital Imaging Lab in the Preservation and Digital Conversion Division of Columbia University Libraries. The Digital Imaging Lab generally adheres to the FADGI 2016 Technical Guidelines for Digitizing Cultural Heritage Material:

The following are specific standards adopted by the Digital Imaging Lab of Columbia University Libraries.

Image specifications

Imaging and processing equipment

Master images are captured at a resolution of at least 400 and usually at 600 pixels per inch of the image subject. In special cases images are captured at 900 pixels per inch of image subject.

Color settings, cropping and deskewing are done at the time of capture.

The documents on OPenn